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UNLABELLED The prevailing concept is that immediate mobilization of bone marrow-derived circulating endothelial progenitor cells (CEP) is a key mechanism mediating tumor resistance to vascular-disrupting agents (VDA). Here, we show that administration of VDA to tumor-bearing mice induces 2 distinct peaks in CEPs: an early, unspecific CEP efflux followed by(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES At present, the gold standard to evaluate tumor necrosis is histology. We described here a new method to quantify the degree of tumor necrosis by ultrasonography. This technique combines ultrasound exploration of tissue and post-treatment of the numerical sequences using a dedicated software to evaluate backscattered power within(More)
Since kringle (K)5, not present in the angiostatin molecule, was shown to be a key functional domain possessing potent antiangiogenic activity, we have evaluated a new plasminogen-derived fragment, consisting of the N-terminal part of human plasminogen, that included the complete secondary structure of K1-5 (aa 1-566). In contrast to other fragments(More)
Human neuroblastoma (NB) is the second most frequent solid tumor of childhood and represents a highly heterogeneous disease at clinical and biologic levels. Little progress has been made to improve the poor prognosis of patients with high-stage NB. Tumor progression and metastatic dissemination still represent major obstacles to the successful treatment of(More)
Canstatin, the noncollagenous domain of collagen type IV alpha-chains, belongs to a series of collagen-derived angiogenic inhibitors. We have elucidated the functional receptors and intracellular signaling induced by canstatin that explain its strong antitumor efficacy in vivo. For this purpose, we generated a canstatin-human serum albumin (CanHSA) fusion(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the early tumor vasculature disrupting effects of the AVE8062 molecule and the feasibility of dynamic contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (DCE-US) in the quantitative assessment of these effects. MATERIAL AND METHODS AVE8062 was administered at a single dose (41 mg/kg) to 40 melanoma-bearing nude mice, which were all imaged before and(More)
In this study, we have evaluated the interactions between ionizing radiation and a matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitor. Using Matrigel invasion assays, we show that ionizing radiation induced a dose-dependent increase in the invasive phenotype of cultured B16 melanoma cells and that conditioned medium from these irradiated B16 cells promoted(More)
BACKGROUND Interstitial hypertension is responsible for poor capillary blood flow and hampered drug delivery. The efficacy of combined sorafenib/bevacizumab treatment given according to different administration schedules has been evaluated by measuring both interstitial pressure (IP) and quantitative dynamic contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (DCE-US)(More)
We aimed to evaluate high-frequency sonography (HFS) coupled with color Doppler in the management of pigmented skin lesions (PSL). HFS examination was performed in 111 patients with 130 PSL. A color Doppler study was conducted in 107 lesions, to assess intralesional vascularization. Imaging findings were compared with histologic diagnosis. In the case of(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES There is no method currently available to quantify erythrocyte aggregation in vivo. In this work, using a Couette system, we defined new ultrasound indexes potentially applicable for non-invasive investigations. METHODS Two ultrasound protocols were developed: (1) a protocol in which decreasing shear rates ranging from 200 to 1(More)