Valerie Rouffiac

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Canstatin, the noncollagenous domain of collagen type IV alpha-chains, belongs to a series of collagen-derived angiogenic inhibitors. We have elucidated the functional receptors and intracellular signaling induced by canstatin that explain its strong antitumor efficacy in vivo. For this purpose, we generated a canstatin-human serum albumin (CanHSA) fusion(More)
UNLABELLED The prevailing concept is that immediate mobilization of bone marrow-derived circulating endothelial progenitor cells (CEP) is a key mechanism mediating tumor resistance to vascular-disrupting agents (VDA). Here, we show that administration of VDA to tumor-bearing mice induces 2 distinct peaks in CEPs: an early, unspecific CEP efflux followed by(More)
We aimed to evaluate high-frequency sonography (HFS) coupled with color Doppler in the management of pigmented skin lesions (PSL). HFS examination was performed in 111 patients with 130 PSL. A color Doppler study was conducted in 107 lesions, to assess intralesional vascularization. Imaging findings were compared with histologic diagnosis. In the case of(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the early tumor vasculature disrupting effects of the AVE8062 molecule and the feasibility of dynamic contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (DCE-US) in the quantitative assessment of these effects. MATERIAL AND METHODS AVE8062 was administered at a single dose (41 mg/kg) to 40 melanoma-bearing nude mice, which were all imaged before and(More)
Tumor growth is dependent both on endothelial and tumor cells. The aim of this study was to investigate dynamically whether changes in tumor vasculature implicate tumor tissue degeneration during antiangiogenic therapies. In order to quantify intra-tumor vascularization and necrosis, we have used ultrasound technology. This study has identified essential(More)
In this study, we have evaluated the interactions between ionizing radiation and a matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitor. Using Matrigel invasion assays, we show that ionizing radiation induced a dose-dependent increase in the invasive phenotype of cultured B16 melanoma cells and that conditioned medium from these irradiated B16 cells promoted(More)
The early and functional evaluation of new treatments in oncology is a main goal. At present, technical advances in Doppler-ultrasonography allow the detection of neovascularization for superficial and deep malignant tumors in order to evaluate the efficiency of new treatments as Treatment response can be early predicted according to modifications of this(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES At present, the gold standard to evaluate tumor necrosis is histology. We described here a new method to quantify the degree of tumor necrosis by ultrasonography. This technique combines ultrasound exploration of tissue and post-treatment of the numerical sequences using a dedicated software to evaluate backscattered power within(More)
Since kringle (K)5, not present in the angiostatin molecule, was shown to be a key functional domain possessing potent antiangiogenic activity, we have evaluated a new plasminogen-derived fragment, consisting of the N-terminal part of human plasminogen, that included the complete secondary structure of K1-5 (aa 1-566). In contrast to other fragments(More)
The objective was to evaluate treatment efficiency of a new high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) prototype combining a therapeutic transducer with a sonographic probe. The optimal HIFU sequence was defined on ex vivo samples before in vivo evaluation of tumor ablation was performed by perfusion quantification after contrast agent injection. The original(More)