Valerie Pestinger

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BACKGROUND Most reproductive failures originate during the periconceptional period and are influenced by the age and the lifestyle of parents-to-be. We advance the hypothesis that these failures can arise as a partial consequence of derangements to one-carbon (1-C) metabolism (i.e. metabolic pathways that utilize substrates/cofactors such as methionine,(More)
Holocarboxylase synthetase (HCS) mediates the binding of biotin to lysine (K) residues in histones H2A, H3 and H4; HCS knockdown disturbs gene regulation and decreases stress resistance and lifespan in eukaryotes. We tested the hypothesis that HCS interacts physically with histone H3 for subsequent biotinylation. Co-immunoprecipitation experiments were(More)
Previous studies suggest that histones H3 and H4 are posttranslationally modified by binding of the vitamin biotin, catalyzed by holocarboxylase synthetase (HCS). Albeit a rare epigenetic mark, biotinylated histones were repeatedly shown to be enriched in repeat regions and repressed loci, participating in the maintenance of genome stability and gene(More)
Covalent histone modifications play crucial roles in chromatin structure and genome stability. We previously reported biotinylation of lysine (K) residues in histones H2A, H3 and H4 by holocarboxylase synthetase and demonstrated that K12-biotinylated histone H4 (H4K12bio) is enriched in repeat regions and participates in gene repression. The biological(More)
Transposable elements constitute >40% of the human genome; transposition of these elements increases genome instability and cancer risk. Epigenetic mechanisms are important for transcriptional repression of retrotransposons, thereby preventing transposition events. Binding of biotin to histones, mediated by holocarboxylase synthetase (HCS), is a novel(More)
Holocarboxylase synthetase (HCS) catalyzes the binding of biotin to lysine (K) residues in histones H3 and H4. Histone biotinylation marks are enriched in repressed loci, including retrotransposons. Preliminary studies suggested that K16 in histone H4 is a target for biotinylation by HCS. Here we tested the hypotheses that H4K16bio is a real histone mark in(More)
Transposable elements constitute .40% of the human genome; transposition of these elements increases genome instability and cancer risk. Epigenetic mechanisms are important for transcriptional repression of retrotransposons, thereby preventing transposition events. Binding of biotin to histones, mediated by holocarboxylase synthetase (HCS), is a novel(More)
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