Valerie M. Cox

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Interindividual analyses of physiological performance represent one of the most powerful tools for identifying functional positive and negative linkages between various performance traits. In this study we investigated functional linkages in the whole-gastrocnemius performance of juvenile Bufo viridis by examining interindividual variation in in vitro(More)
Many children fail to meet physical activity (PA) guidelines for health benefits. PA behaviours are complex and depend on numerous interrelated factors. The study aims to develop current understanding of how children from low Socio-economic environments within the UK use their surrounding built environments for PA by using advanced technology. The(More)
The relative merits of the separate and combined uses of stretch and electrical stimulation at 10 Hz in influencing the rates of protein synthesis in vivo, proteolysis, and the growth of the extensor digitorum longus muscle have been investigated after 3 days in the rabbit. Continuous electrical stimulation failed to change muscle protein turnover or(More)
The power output of rabbit latissimus dorsi muscle was calculated under isotonic conditions and during oscillatory work. Isotonic shortening studies yielded a maximum power output of 120 W·kg−1 at a P/P 0 of 0.4 compared to a maximum power output of 32 W·kg−1 obtained using the work loop technique. This difference can largely be explained by comparing(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether short-term heat acclimation (STHA) could confer increased cellular tolerance to acute hypoxic exercise in humans as determined via monocyte HSP72 (mHSP72) expression. Sixteen males were separated into two matched groups. The STHA group completed 3 days of exercise heat acclimation; 60 minutes cycling at 50%(More)
Incrementally applied static stretch over 3 weeks resulted in a 72 % increase in the weight of the in situ latissimus dorsi muscle in rabbits. True growth rather than tissue oedema was confirmed by increases in the protein content (130 %), the cross-sectional area of the type I fibres (30 %) and the muscle length (i.e. number of sarcomeres in series(More)
The levels of c-fos and c-jun mRNA were measured by reverse transcription PCR in the rabbit latissimus dorsi muscle following three separate training regimes, i.e. passive stretch, 10 Hz electrical stimulation or a combination of the two. Both c-fos and c-jun mRNA expression peaked at around 1 h after imposing stretch and at around 4.5-6 h after the(More)
The mRNA levels of the proto-oncogenes c-fos and c-jun were measured in the rabbit latissimus dorsi (LD) muscle in response to the application of various stretch regimes in vivo. It was shown that it was necessary for the stretch to be applied continuously over 1 h in order to achieve full induction of c-fos and c-jun mRNA at 1 h. In addition, a correlation(More)
The fibre type distribution has been mapped in the latissimus dorsi muscle of the Dutch rabbit. Using the myosin ATPase stain, a distinct border was found to run in a cranial to caudal direction, which effectively divided the muscle into 2 segments of different fibre type proportions. Although both segments contained mostly fast twitch fibres, the medial(More)