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Two different receptors which bind angiotensin II specifically have been identified in humans and were designated angiotensin II type-1 receptor (AT1) and angiotensin II type-2 receptor (AT2). They only have 34% sequence homology and act through different signalling pathways. AT1 stimulation has been implicated in hypertrophy and hyperplasia in various(More)
Despite the success of protein farnesyltransferase inhibitors (FTIs) in the treatment of certain malignancies, their mode of action is incompletely understood. Dissecting the molecular pathways affected by FTIs is important, particularly because this group of drugs is now being tested for the treatment of Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome. In the current(More)
The nuclear lamina provides structural support to the nucleus and has a central role in nuclear organization and gene regulation. Defects in its constituents, the lamins, lead to a class of genetic diseases collectively referred to as laminopathies. Using live cell imaging, we observed the occurrence of intermittent, non-lethal ruptures of the nuclear(More)
A thorough understanding of fat cell biology is necessary to counter the epidemic of obesity. Although molecular pathways governing adipogenesis are well delineated, the structure of the nuclear lamina and nuclear-cytoskeleton junction in this process are not. The identification of the ‘linker of nucleus and cytoskeleton’ (LINC) complex made us consider a(More)
LMNA-associated progeroid syndromes have been reported with both recessive and dominant inheritance. We report a 2-year-old boy with an apparently typical Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS) due to compound heterozygous missense mutations (p.T528M and p.M540T) in LMNA. Both mutations affect a conserved region within the C-terminal globular domain of(More)
Thioredoxin-interacting protein (Txnip), originally characterized as an inhibitor of thioredoxin, is now known to be a critical regulator of glucose metabolism in vivo. Txnip is a member of the alpha-arrestin protein family; the alpha-arrestins are related to the classical beta-arrestins and visual arrestins. Txnip is the only alpha-arrestin known to bind(More)
Birt-Hogg-Dubé (BHD) syndrome is an autosomal-dominantly inherited cancer syndrome characterized by fibrofolliculomas, lung cysts leading to pneumothorax, and chromophobic/oncocytic renal cell carcinoma. The disease is caused by heterozygous mutations in the BHD gene encoding folliculin and all mutations reported putatively lead to protein truncation.(More)
Binding of angiotensin II on the angiotensin II type-1 receptor induces cell growth, while triggering via the angiotensin II type-2 (AT2) receptor causes an opposing effect of growth inhibition and apoptosis. AT2 receptor stimulation has also been shown to enhance inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression, an enzyme associated with cancer. To study(More)
Dunnigan-type familial partial lipodystrophy (FPLD) is a laminopathy characterized by an aberrant fat distribution and a metabolic syndrome for which oxidative stress has recently been suggested as one of the disease-causing mechanisms. In a family affected with FPLD, we identified a heterozygous missense mutation c.1315C>T in the LMNA gene leading to the(More)
Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS), reportedly a model for normal aging, is a genetic disorder in children marked by dramatic signs suggestive for premature aging. It is usually caused by de novo mutations in the nuclear envelope protein lamin A. Lamins are essential to maintaining nuclear integrity, and loss of lamin A/C results in increased(More)