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The objective of this study was to determine whether children with nonsyndromic craniosynostosis and plagiocephaly without synostosis demonstrated cognitive and psychomotor delays when compared with a standardized population sample. This was the initial assessment of a larger prospective study, which involved 21 subjects with nonsyndromic craniosynostosis(More)
The present study was designed to elucidate the role of dopamine (DA) metabolism in the serotonergic neurotoxicity induced by 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA). An antisense (AS) oligonucleotide (ODN) sequence targeted at monoamine oxidase-B (MAO-B) was utilized to attenuate MAO-B activity prior to MDMA administration. Sprague-Dawley rats were(More)
An acute and potentially life-threatening complication associated with the recreational use of the 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, Ecstasy) is hyperthermia. In the present study, Sprague-Dawley rats treated with MDMA (40 mg/kg s.c.) responded with a significant increase (maximal at 1 h) in rectal and skeletal muscle temperatures that lasted for at(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the incidence of repeat pregnancy and method continuation rate at 12 months postpartum in young women who chose either depot medroxyprogesterone acetate or oral contraceptives (OCs) as contraception. METHODS We conducted a prospective cohort study of 122 postpartum women younger than 18 years of age who delivered between January 8,(More)
We examined (1) the observer variability (both interobserver and intraobserver) in interpretation of abdominal radiographs of infants with suspected necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), (2) the interobserver variability for individual radiologic signs used to diagnose NEC, and (3) the influence of experience in determining the extent of observer variability.(More)
OBJECTIVE By age 5 years, offspring of diabetic mothers (ODMs) are heavier and have altered glucose metabolism compared with offspring of mothers without diabetes (non-DMs). This study evaluates the growth pattern of ODMs before the age of 5 years. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Anthropometric measures (z scores) from birth, 1.5 years, and 7.7 years in Pima(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the period of childhood in which weight relative to height increases in Pima Indian children and young adults in comparison with the general US population. METHODS Heights and weights of children in the Pima Indian population were derived from either clinical examinations conducted by the Department of Public Health Nursing (from(More)
Central venous catheterization is widely used in neonatal intensive care units to support tiny preterm babies. Pericardial effusion (PCE) and cardiac tamponade are uncommon but potentially fatal complications of percutaneous, umbilical and surgically placed central venous catheters related to intracardiac position or migration. This report describes a case(More)
BACKGROUND To our knowledge, fetoplacental thromboembolism has been described only in autopsy specimens. We report the antepartum diagnosis of an umbilical artery occlusion and neonatal diagnosis of an aortic thrombus and placental emboli. CASE A gravida at 31 weeks' gestation was referred for evaluation of decreased fetal movement and an enlarged fetal(More)
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