Valerie Guerra

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BACKGROUND Acute nicotine administration potentiates brain reward function and enhances motor and cognitive function. These studies investigated which brain areas are being activated by a wide range of doses of nicotine, and if this is diminished by pretreatment with the nonselective nicotinic receptor antagonist mecamylamine. METHODS Drug-induced changes(More)
Valproate has proven effective in treating bipolar disorder. Though some biochemical effects of valproate are rapid, mood-stabilizing effects can take weeks, suggesting that regulatory changes in gene expression in brain neurotransmitter systems may be involved. Given a presumed role for norepinephrine (NE) in bipolar disorder, as well as the actions of(More)
Endospore-forming strains were isolated from corn-compost treated with olive-mill wastewater ('alpechin'). The strains were taxonomically studied and proposed as a novel Paenibacillus species. These organisms (strains B.3T, B.7 and B.9) were particularly distinguishable from other aerobic spore-forming species by their ability to grow optimally in 100%(More)
Smoking cessation leads to a dysphoric state and this increases the risk for relapse. Animal studies indicate that the dysphoric state associated with nicotine withdrawal is at least partly mediated by an increase in corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) release in the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA). In the present study, we investigated whether a(More)
An extracellular polysaccharide was purified from culture supernatants of Paenibacillus jamilae CP-7, a gram-positive bacillus that was isolated from compost prepared with olive mill wastewaters. The extracellular polysaccharide was produced under aerobic conditions in a medium containing olive mill wastewaters (80% [vol/vol]). This exopolymer had a low(More)
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