Valerie Guerra

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BACKGROUND Acute nicotine administration potentiates brain reward function and enhances motor and cognitive function. These studies investigated which brain areas are being activated by a wide range of doses of nicotine, and if this is diminished by pretreatment with the nonselective nicotinic receptor antagonist mecamylamine. METHODS Drug-induced changes(More)
Valproate has proven effective in treating bipolar disorder. Though some biochemical effects of valproate are rapid, mood-stabilizing effects can take weeks, suggesting that regulatory changes in gene expression in brain neurotransmitter systems may be involved. Given a presumed role for norepinephrine (NE) in bipolar disorder, as well as the actions of(More)
Smoking cessation leads to a dysphoric state and this increases the risk for relapse. Animal studies indicate that the dysphoric state associated with nicotine withdrawal is at least partly mediated by an increase in corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) release in the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA). In the present study, we investigated whether a(More)
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