Valerie G Brunton

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Invasion and metastasis of carcinomas is promoted by the activation of the embryonic 'epithelial to mesenchymal transition' (EMT) program, which triggers cellular mobility and subsequent dissemination of tumour cells. We recently showed that the EMT-activator ZEB1 (zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1) is a crucial promoter of metastasis and demonstrated(More)
Focal-adhesion kinase (FAK) is an important mediator of growth-factor signalling, cell proliferation, cell survival and cell migration. Given that the development of malignancy is often associated with perturbations in these processes, it is not surprising that FAK activity is altered in cancer cells. Mouse models have shown that FAK is involved in tumour(More)
We have used a c-Src-GFP fusion protein to address the spatial control of Src activation and the nature of Src-associated intracellular structures during stimulus-induced transit to the membrane. Src is activated during transit, particularly in RhoB-containing cytoplasmic endosomes associated with the perinuclear recycling compartment. Knocking out RhoB or(More)
Networks of actin filaments, controlled by the Arp2/3 complex, drive membrane protrusion during cell migration. How integrins signal to the Arp2/3 complex is not well understood. Here, we show that focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and the Arp2/3 complex associate and colocalize at transient structures formed early after adhesion. Nascent lamellipodia, which(More)
Src tyrosine kinase expression and activity are elevated during colon cancer progression. How this contributes to the malignant phenotype is not fully understood. We show that in KM12C colon carcinoma cells, expression of kinase-deficient Src proteins (SrcMF and Src251) does not alter cell growth. Src kinase activity is required for turnover of cell-matrix(More)
TP53 mutation occurs in 50-75% of human pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDAC) following an initiating activating mutation in the KRAS gene. These p53 mutations frequently result in expression of a stable protein, p53(R175H), rather than complete loss of protein expression. In this study we elucidate the functions of mutant p53 (Trp53(R172H)), compared to(More)
The intestinal epithelium has a remarkable capacity to regenerate after injury and DNA damage. Here, we show that the integrin effector protein Focal Adhesion Kinase (FAK) is dispensable for normal intestinal homeostasis and DNA damage signaling, but is essential for intestinal regeneration following DNA damage. Given Wnt/c-Myc signaling is activated(More)
Over the past few years small molecule inhibitors of both Src family kinases and focal adhesion kinase (FAK) have entered clinical studies for the treatment of solid tumours. These adhesion-linked kinases are involved in a number of pathways that have impact on the behaviour of tumour cells and the challenge is now, how to take these forward in the clinical(More)
E-cadherin is a single-pass transmembrane protein that mediates homophilic cell-cell interactions. Tumour progression is often associated with the loss of E-cadherin function and the transition to a more motile and invasive phenotype. This requires the coordinated regulation of both E-cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesions and integrin-mediated adhesions(More)
Although Src expression and activity are often elevated in colon cancer, the precise consequences of overexpression of the non-catalytic Src homology (SH) domains, or enhanced catalytic activity, are unknown. We show that, in KM12C colon cancer cells, elevated Src activity causes the components of adherens junctions, including vinculin, to be redistributed(More)