Valerie F. Williams

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The authors investigated whether mental health inpatients' perceptions of coercion were associated with later treatment adherence. Psychiatric inpatients receiving acute care at three sites were interviewed during their hospitalization and up to five times after discharge. Patients' perceptions of coercion were measured at admission. Adherence to medication(More)
BACKGROUND Young adults have the highest rates of alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use relative to any other age group. Few studies have examined the co-occurrence of substance use with new and emerging tobacco products in this vulnerable group, or the underlying personality factors that may explain these associations. To address this gap, this study(More)
Assessing substance use of homeless persons is a critical task. This study examines the test-retest reliability, concurrent validity, and sensitivity to change of the Time-Line Follow-Back interview, a calendar instrument used to assess days and quantities of alcohol use and days of illicit drug use, in the multisite Collaborative Program to Prevent(More)
INTRODUCTION This study assessed the impact of brief exposure to four electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) print advertisements (ads) on perceptions, intention, and subsequent use of e-cigarettes and cigarettes in US young adults. METHODS A randomized controlled trial was conducted in a national sample of young adults from an online panel survey in 2013.(More)
Survey-based research has demonstrated the increasing use and acceptance of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in general and military populations. This report summarizes the use of three CAM procedures (chiropractic/osteopathic manipulation, acupuncture, and biofeedback) among active component service members from 2010 through 2015. Findings(More)
OBJECTIVES We monitored the prevalence and patterns of use of the array of tobacco products available to young adults, who are at risk for initiation and progression to established tobacco use. METHODS We used data from waves 1 to 3 of GfK's KnowledgePanel (2011-2012), a nationally representative cohort of young adults aged 18 to 34 years (n = 2144). We(More)
INTRODUCTION Hookah, or waterpipe, tobacco smoking has increased among young adults (YAs) in the U.S., but few prospective studies have examined predictors of hookah use. The current study examined correlates of hookah use and predictors of hookah initiation at a 6-month follow-up in a nationally representative, prospective sample of U.S. YAs. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Flavored and menthol tobacco products are particularly appealing to young adults. However, little is known about factors associated with their use in this population. PURPOSE To examine characteristics associated with using menthol cigarettes, flavored other tobacco products (OTP), and flavored e-cigarettes among young adults. METHODS Using a(More)