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PURPOSE The goal of this project was to compare MRI measures of hippocampal, entorhinal cortex (ERC), and whole brain longitudinal change in cognitively normal elderly controls (C), non-demented subjects with cognitive impairment (CI), and demented (D) subjects. METHODS 16 C, 6 CI, and 7 D subjects of comparable age were studied with MRI twice, at least 1(More)
BACKGROUND The main goals are to investigate the effects of chronic active heavy drinking on N-acetylaspartate (NAA) and other metabolites throughout the brain and to determine whether they are affected by family history (FH) of alcoholism and long-term drinking pattern. METHODS Forty-six chronic heavy drinkers (HD) and 52 light drinkers (LD) were(More)
This paper is motivated by the analysis of serial structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data of the brain to map patterns of local tissue volume loss or gain over time, using registration-based deformation tensor morphometry. Specifically, we address the important confound of local tissue contrast changes which can be induced by neurodegenerative or(More)
The objectives of this study were to (1) compare atrophy rates associated with normal aging and Alzheimer disease (AD) using the semi-automated Boundary Shift Integral (BSI) method and manual tracing of the entorhinal cortex (ERC) and hippocampus and (2) calculate power of BSI vs. ERC and hippocampal volume changes for clinical trials in AD. We quantified(More)
High-resolution structural MRI scans of 20 subjects diagnosed with semantic dementia were compared against scans of 20 cognitively normal control subjects using whole brain deformation tensor morphometry to study spatially consistent differences in local anatomical size. A fine lattice free-form volume registration algorithm was used to estimate a(More)
Brain atrophy associated with chronic alcohol consumption is partially reversible after cessation of drinking. Recovering alcoholics (RA, 45+/-8 years) were studied with MRI within 1 week of entering treatment, with follow-up at 8 months. Light drinkers (LD) were studied with MRI twice 1 year apart. For each participant, deformation maps of baseline(More)
BACKGROUND Most studies of the impact of alcohol dependence on the brain have examined individuals in treatment. Such samples represent a small proportion of alcoholics in the general population. Such samples may embody a bias (Berkson's fallacy) if the association between variables (for example, alcoholism and cortical gray matter loss) differs between the(More)
We previously reported [Cardenas, V.A., Studholme, C., Meyerhoff, D.J., Song, E., Weiner, M.W., 2005. Chronic active heavy drinking and family history of problem drinking modulate regional brain tissue volumes. Psychiatry Res. 138, 115-130] that non-treatment-seeking, active heavy drinkers (HD) demonstrated smaller regional neocortical gray matter volumes(More)
BACKGROUND Structural brain damage, especially to white matter, is well documented in chronic alcohol abuse. There is also evidence for brain metabolic abnormalities in this condition. It is unknown, however, to what extent these structural and metabolic changes are present in treated alcohol abusers who achieve long-term abstinence versus treatment-naïve,(More)
The amplitude and suppression of the auditory P50 event-related potential may be useful for studying schizophrenia and drug abuse; however, the low reliability of the P50 suppression measure limits its value for correlation with clinical measures. Reliability can be increased either by improving measurement methods or by reducing or eliminating sources of(More)