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One of the potential therapeutic interventions to hormone-independent breast cancer would be to reactivate the expression of estrogen receptor or progesterone receptor (PR) in the tumor cells so as to render the tumor responsive to the hormones. We have reported previously that progesterone markedly inhibited cell growth and induced remarkable focal(More)
It is known that progesterone receptor (PR) isoform A (PR-A) and isoform B (PR-B) may mediate different effects of progesterone. The objective of this study was to determine if the functions of PR isoforms also vary in response to different PR modulators (PRM). The effects of 7 synthetic PRM were tested in MDA-MB-231 cells engineered to express PR-A, PR-B,(More)
Because progesterone exerts its effects mainly via estrogen-dependent progesterone receptor (PgR), the expression of progesterone's effects may be overshadowed by the priming effect of estrogen. PgR expression vectors were transfected into estrogen receptor (ER)-alpha and PgR-negative breast cancer cells MDA-MB-231; thus the functions of progesterone could(More)
Progesterone receptor (PR), glucocorticoid receptor, and mineralocorticoid receptor belong to a subfamily of nuclear receptor superfamily with similar sequence and structural characteristics. Many reports have documented glucocorticoid-like effects of progesterone in various tissues. This study addresses the issue of cross-talk between corticosteroids and(More)
Absence of estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) is the hallmark of most hormone-independent breast cancers. Previous studies demonstrated that reactivation of PR expression in hormone-independent MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells enabled progesterone to suppress cell growth both in vitro and in vivo. We determined the whole genomic effect of(More)
Over half of breast cancer cases are estrogen-dependent and strategies to combat estrogen-dependent breast cancer have been to either block the activation of estrogen receptor (ER) or diminish the supply of estrogens. Our previous work documented that estrogen-independent expression of progesterone receptor (PR) in MCF-7 cells markedly disrupted the effects(More)
Since the effects of progesterone are mediated mainly via estrogen-dependent progesterone receptor (PR), the expression of the effects of progesterone may be masked or overridden by the influence of estrogen under conditions in which priming with estrogens is required. We have established a PR-positive but estrogen receptor-alpha (ER-alpha) negative breast(More)
Metallothioneins (MTs), a group of ubiquitous metalloproteins, comprise isoforms encoded by ten functional genes in humans. Different MT isoforms possibly play different functional roles during development or under various physiological conditions. The MT-1E isoform mRNA has been recently shown to be differentially expressed in oestrogen receptor(More)
The expression of progesterone receptor (PR) is normally estrogen-dependent, and progesterone is only active in target cells following estrogen exposure. This study revealed that the effect of estrogen was markedly disrupted by estrogen-independent expression of PR. Transfection of PR in estrogen receptor (ER)-positive MCF-7 cells abolished the(More)
Tripartite motif-containing 22 (TRIM22) exhibits antiviral and growth inhibitory properties, but there has been no study on the localization and dynamics of the endogenous TRIM22 protein. We report here that TRIM22 is dramatically induced by progesterone in MDA-MB-231-derived ABC28 cells and T47D cells. This induction was associated with an increase in(More)