Learn More
The self-assembling protein nanoparticle (SAPN) is an antigen-presenting system that has been shown to be suitable for use as a vaccine platform. The SAPN scaffold is based on the principles of icosahedral symmetry, beginning from a monomeric chain that self-assembles into an ordered oligomeric state. The monomeric chain contains two covalently linked(More)
A variant human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) vif gene, vifA45-2, which encodes a protein lacking 19 amino acids at the C terminus but which is fully functional in supporting HIV replication in non-permissive cells has been described previously. By employing newly generated anti-VifA45 serum, further properties of VifA45 and its full-length(More)
HIV-derived vectors are of potential clinical relevance due to their ability to transduce nondividing cells in vitro and in vivo. However, the generation of cell lines stably and reproducibly expressing high amounts of defined subviral particles, capable of packaging and transducing HIV-derived vectors, has been hampered by the cytotoxicity of some of the(More)
CD4-expressing T cells in lymphoid organs are infected by the primary strains of HIV and represent one of the main sources of virus replication. Gene therapy strategies are being developed that allow the transfer of exogenous genes into CD4(+) T lymphocytes whose expression might prevent viral infection or replication. Insights into the mechanisms that(More)
The HTLV-1 transactivator protein Tax is essential for malignant transformation of CD4 T cells, ultimately leading to adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL). Malignant transformation may involve development of apoptosis resistance. In this study we investigated the molecular mechanisms by which HTLV-1 Tax confers resistance toward CD95-mediated apoptosis. We(More)
Using a versatile and highly sensitive retroviral microarray, we have investigated particle preparations from three different human packaging cell lines harboring retroviral vector systems based on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and murine leukemia virus (MLV). 293Rev/Gag/Pol(i) cells inducibly express high titers of HIV-derived particles for packaging(More)
In certain cell systems, exchange of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) Env signal peptide (SP) sequence with that of heterologous SPs has been shown to increase gp120 transport and secretion. Here we demonstrate that exchange of the HIV-Env-SP with those from erythropoietin or tissue plasminogen activator in the proviral context does not increase(More)
Five in-frame stop mutations in the HIV-1 env gene, which lead to the production of env gene products truncated within the cytoplasmic C-terminal tail, have been generated and their effects on membrane fusion capacity, glycoprotein incorporation into virus particles, infectivity, and cytopathogenicity were analyzed. The resulting truncated glycoproteins(More)
In order to facilitate analyses of the molecular function of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Vif protein, we have developed a cell culture model-system which allows permanent production of genotypically and phenotypically vif-defective HIV-1 virions in 'non-permissive' H9 cells. Using recombinant, replication-competent HIV-1 proviruses(More)
A number of antisera, elicited against different segments of the duck hepatitis B virus (DHBV) P-gene translation product, were used to immunoprecipitate the protein that is covalently bound to the 5'-end of the DHBV DNA minus strand. For monitoring purposes, a small DNA minus-strand fragment, carrying this protein, was radioactively labeled. All of the(More)