Valerie Bosch

Learn More
We have examined the role of the membrane-anchoring domain of the HIV-1 glycoproteins in viral glycoprotein function, glycoprotein incorporation, and viral infectivity. For this purpose, we initially exchanged the entire membrane-spanning region with that from a cellular glycoprotein (CD22). Subsequently, the strictly conserved arginine in the central(More)
HIV-derived vectors are of potential clinical relevance due to their ability to transduce nondividing cells in vitro and in vivo. However, the generation of cell lines stably and reproducibly expressing high amounts of defined subviral particles, capable of packaging and transducing HIV-derived vectors, has been hampered by the cytotoxicity of some of the(More)
Five in-frame stop mutations in the HIV-1 env gene, which lead to the production of env gene products truncated within the cytoplasmic C-terminal tail, have been generated and their effects on membrane fusion capacity, glycoprotein incorporation into virus particles, infectivity, and cytopathogenicity were analyzed. The resulting truncated glycoproteins(More)
The self-assembling protein nanoparticle (SAPN) is an antigen-presenting system that has been shown to be suitable for use as a vaccine platform. The SAPN scaffold is based on the principles of icosahedral symmetry, beginning from a monomeric chain that self-assembles into an ordered oligomeric state. The monomeric chain contains two covalently linked(More)
The duck hepatitis B virus (DHBV) has a DNA polymerase associated with it which uses the incomplete viral genome as endogenous template. A prerequisite for studying this polymerase is the availability of conditions to open viral cores without destroying their enzymatic activity. In this study, this was achieved by a brief treatment with low pH. DHBV DNA in(More)
Our studies aim to elucidate the functions carried out by the very long, and in its length highly conserved, C-terminal cytoplasmic domain (Env-CT) of the HIV-1 glycoprotein. Mass spectrometric analysis of cellular proteins bound to a tagged version of the HIV Env-CT led to the identification of the prohibitin 1 and 2 proteins (Phb1 and Phb2). These(More)
CD4-expressing T cells in lymphoid organs are infected by the primary strains of HIV and represent one of the main sources of virus replication. Gene therapy strategies are being developed that allow the transfer of exogenous genes into CD4(+) T lymphocytes whose expression might prevent viral infection or replication. Insights into the mechanisms that(More)
The HTLV-1 transactivator protein Tax is essential for malignant transformation of CD4 T cells, ultimately leading to adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL). Malignant transformation may involve development of apoptosis resistance. In this study we investigated the molecular mechanisms by which HTLV-1 Tax confers resistance toward CD95-mediated apoptosis. We(More)
Mutant HIV (HIV-Env-Tr712) lacking the cytoplasmic tail of the viral glycoprotein (Env-CT) exhibits a cell-type specific replication phenotype such that replicative spread occurs in some T-cell lines (referred to as permissive cells) but fails to do so in most T-cell lines or in PBMCs (referred to as non-permissive cells). We aim to gain insight on the(More)