Valerie B DeLeon

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Nontraditional or geometric morphometric methods have found wide application in the biological sciences, especially in anthropology, a field with a strong history of measurement of biological form. Controversy has arisen over which method is the "best" for quantifying the morphological difference between forms and for making proper statistical statements(More)
The genetic basis for complex phenotypes is currently of great interest for both clinical investigators and basic scientists. In order to acquire a thorough understanding of the translation from genotype to phenotype, highly precise measures of phenotypic variation are required. New technologies, such as 3D photogrammetry are being implemented in phenotypic(More)
Evolutionary history of Mammalia provides strong evidence that the morphology of skull and brain change jointly in evolution. Formation and development of brain and skull co-occur and are dependent upon a series of morphogenetic and patterning processes driven by genes and their regulatory programs. Our current concept of skull and brain as separate tissues(More)
We report the oldest known record of Lagomorpha, based on distinctive, small ankle bones (calcaneus and talus) from Early Eocene deposits (Middle Ypresian equivalent, ca 53 Myr ago) of Gujarat, west-central India. The fossils predate the oldest previously known crown lagomorphs by several million years and extend the record of lagomorphs on the Indian(More)
Fluctuating asymmetry is commonly used as a bioindicator of developmental stress. This study addresses asymmetry under nutritional/systemic stress in the human craniofacial skeleton and its utility as an indicator of developmental instability. Crania from the diachronic Christian cemeteries at Kulubnarti (Sudanese Nubia) were chosen as a model for(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the craniofacial phenotype of a mouse model for Crouzon syndrome by a quantitative analysis of skull morphology in mutant and wild-type mice and to compare the findings with skull features observed in humans with Crouzon syndrome. METHODS MicroCT scans and skeletal preparations were obtained on previously described Fgfr2(C342Y/+)(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to quantitate preoperative osseous dysmorphology in a homogeneous group of 3-month-old infants with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate. METHODS High-resolution computed tomography scans of 28 infants with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate were the basis for study. Coordinate data from 43 landmarks on(More)
The receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) c-kit and platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha chain (PDG-FRa) are encoded at the white spotting (W) and patch (Ph) loci on mouse chromosome 5. While W mutations affect melanogenesis, gametogenesis, and hematopoiesis, the Ph mutation affects melanogenesis and causes early lethality in homozygotes. W-sash (Wsh)(More)
OBJECTIVE Isolated sagittal craniosynostosis produces a scaphocephalic neurocranium associated with abnormal basicranial morphology, providing additional evidence of the developmental relationship of the neurocranium and basicranium. Corrective surgical procedures vary, but the immediate impact of the surgical procedure is restricted to the neurocranium.(More)
OBJECTIVE To quantify comparative improvement between osseous and soft tissue asymmetry following primary lip repair. DESIGN Retrospective analysis of preoperative and postoperative computed tomography scans of infants with unilateral cleft lip and palate. Sixteen soft tissue landmarks were placed using an exploratory two-/three-dimensional image(More)