Valerie A. Schroeder

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BACKGROUND Steroid administration during cardiopulmonary bypass is thought to improve cardiopulmonary function by modulating bypass-related inflammation. This study was designed to compare preoperative and intraoperative methylprednisolone (MP) to intraoperative MP alone with respect to postbypass inflammation and clinical outcome. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
Propionic acidemia and long QT syndrome (LQTS) are rare disorders. In addition, both conditions are potentially lethal. The patient presented in this article was initially diagnosed with propionic acidemia. Incidentally, she was found to have LQTS on electrocardiogram and verified by stress test and epinephrine challenge. Although the patient was(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of the investigation was to determine the effect of fluid management on the need for perioperative antihypertensive therapy following coarctation repair. DESIGN Retrospective case study. SETTING Pediatric intensive care unit. PATIENTS Infants and children with repaired coarctation. INTERVENTIONS None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN(More)
OBJECTIVE Intracardiac arteriovenous malformations are rare and may be associated with sudden death in adults. This case report describes an intracardiac left coronary arteriovenous malformation in a 7-year-old boy with a suspected familial cutaneous vascular malformation syndrome. The patient presented with a diastolic murmur, exercise intolerance, chest(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence of catheter-related surgical emergencies during pediatric interventional catheterization procedures. STUDY DESIGN We reviewed all interventional catheter procedures (n = 578) over a 4-year period (April 1996 to April 2000) to determine any complication during interventional catheterization that required surgery within(More)
BACKGROUND Dietary dextrose and fructose may promote vascular inflammation and endothelial dysfunction. In certain infant populations, altered postprandial mesenteric hyperemia (PPH) may increase risk for feeding intolerance. OBJECTIVE To compare superior mesenteric artery (SMA) PPH following feeds of lactose-containing (LC) formula vs lactose-free (LF;(More)
Left ventricular anatomic substrates predisposing the development of congestive heart failure in infants with atrial left-to-right shunting after aortic coarctation repair were characterized. Mitral valve, but not aortic or left ventricular, hypoplasia correlated with the development of heart failure and the need for atrial defect closure shortly after(More)
ill a relatively large numi)er of samples. A rather wide variation in the content of fetal hemoglobin ill tile cord I)lOod of term infants has frequently been found. During an investigatio&3 of the possible existence of an embryonic ilemogiobin, tile cord blood of 15 term infants was examined by chromatograpine methods.’4 Although determination of tile(More)
PATIENT Male, 2 FINAL DIAGNOSIS: Obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy Symptoms: Congestive heart failure Medication: - Clinical Procedure: Left ventricular septal myectomy • repair of congenital heart disease Specialty: Cardiology. OBJECTIVE Rare disease. BACKGROUND Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is uncommon in Down syndrome (DS). When combined(More)
ill a relatively large numi)er of samples. A rather wide variation in the content of fetal hemoglobin ill tile cord I)lOod of term infants has frequently been found. During an investigatio&3 of the possible existence of an embryonic ilemogiobin, tile cord blood of 15 term infants was examined by chromatograpine methods.’4 Although determination of tile(More)
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