Valeria Romanucci

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We describe the facile syntheses of new modified oligonucleotides based on d(TG3AG) that form bimolecular G-quadruplexes and possess a HEG loop as an inversion of polarity site 3'-3' or 5'-5' and aromatic residues conjugated to the 5'-end through phosphodiester bonds. The conjugated hairpin G-quadruplexes exhibited parallel orientation, high thermal(More)
Because plants are estimated to produce over 200,000 metabolites, research into new natural substances that can be used in the pharmaceutical, agrochemical and agro-industrial production of drugs, biopesticides and food additives has grown in recent years. The global market for plant-derived drugs over the last decade has been estimated to be approximately(More)
To investigate what properties make tetramolecular G-quadruplex ODNs good anti-HIV aptamers, we studied the stoichiometry and the self-assembly kinetics of the highly active 5'-end modified G-quadruplexes based on the d(TGGGAG) sequence. Our results demonstrate that the 5'-end conjugation does not necessarily increase the folding rate of the G-quadruplex;(More)
Novel conjugated G-quadruplex-forming d(TG3AG) oligonucleotides, linked to hydrophobic groups through phosphodiester bonds at 5'-end, have been synthesized as potential anti-HIV aptamers, via a fully automated, online phosphoramidite-based solid-phase strategy. Conjugated quadruplexes showed pronounced anti-HIV activity with some preference for HIV-1, with(More)
Aristotelia chilensis ([Molina], Stuntz) a member of the family Eleocarpaceae, is a plant native to Chile that is distributed in tropical and temperate Asia, Australia, the Pacific Area, and South America. The juice of its berries has important medicinal properties, as an astringent, tonic, and antidiarrhoeal. Its many qualities make the maqui berry the(More)
New silibinin glyco-conjugates have been synthesized by efficient method and in short time. Exploiting our solution phase strategy, several structurally diverse silibinin glyco-conjugates (gluco, manno, galacto, and lacto-) were successfully realized in very good yields and in short time. In preliminary study to evaluate their antioxidant and(More)
Chemically modified siRNAs were synthesized to enhance the corresponding silencing activities. The introduced modifications endowed siRNAs with high silencing effect, long RNAi persistence, and better serum resistance. Theoretical data allowed us to correlate the observed siRNAs interfering performance with the peculiar interactions with PAZ.
The methanol extracts of the aerial part of four ethnomedicinal plants of Mediterranean region, two non-seed vascular plants, Equisetum hyemale L. and Phyllitis scolopendrium (L.) Newman, and two Spermatophyta, Juniperus communis L. (J. communis) and Cotinus coggygria Scop. (C. coggygria), were screened against four human cells lines (A549, MCF7, TK6 and(More)
The interaction of the porphyrin derivative H2TCPPSpm4, having spermine pendants in the four meso positions, with the G-quadruplex (GQ) structure formed by the DNA aptamer TGGGAG has been investigated by means of UV, electronic circular dichroism and PAGE studies. The results reported here demonstrate that the porphyrin derivative is capable of stabilizing(More)
Silybin A and B were separated from commercial silibinin using the preparative HPLC method. The described method is rapid and effective in obtaining gram-scale amounts of two diastereoisomers with minimal effort. In our approach, silibinin was dissolved in THF (solubility greater than 100 mg/mL), an alternative solvent to H₂O or MeOH in which silibinin has(More)