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Despite the advances in immunosuppression, renal allograft attrition over time remains unabated due to chronic allograft dysfunction (CAD) with interstitial fibrosis (IF) and tubular atrophy (TA). We aimed to evaluate microRNA (miRNA) signatures in CAD with IF/TA and appraise correlation with paired urine samples and potential utility in prospective(More)
The role of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) in the pathogenesis of HCV-associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains controversial. To understand the transition from benign to malignant, we studied the gene expression patterns in liver tissues at different stages, including normal, cirrhosis, and different HCC stages. We studied 108 liver tissue samples(More)
Noninvasive, cost-effective biomarkers that allow accurate monitoring of graft function are needed in kidney transplantation. Since microRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as promising disease biomarkers, we sought to establish an miRNA signature in urinary cell pellets comparing kidney transplant patients diagnosed with chronic allograft dysfunction (CAD) with(More)
BACKGROUND Development of quality-control criteria to ensure reproducibility of microarray results for potential clinical application is still in its infancy. METHODS In the present studies we developed quality-control criteria and evaluated their effect in microarray data analysis using total RNA from cell lines, frozen tumors, and a commercially(More)
Non-invasive monitoring may be useful after kidney transplantation (KT), particularly for predicting acute rejection (AR). It is less clear whether chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN) is also associated with changes in urine cells. To identify non-invasive markers of allograft function in kidney transplant patients (KTP), mRNA levels of AGT, TGF-beta1,(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common cancer in the world. Liver transplantation (LT) represents a curative treatment for "small" HCC. Preoperative staging is critical in selecting optimal candidates for LT to optimize the use of this scarce resource. From December 1997 to February 2004, 148 patients diagnosed with cirrhosis and HCC were(More)
BACKGROUND Liver transplantation (LT) represents a curative treatment for small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Potentially curable higher-stage HCC patients are denied LT due to the lack of cancer markers that predict progression and recurrence. METHODS Thirty-eight candidates for LT with hepatitis C virus (HCV) cirrhosis and HCC were studied. Gene(More)
Methylation of promoter CpG islands has been associated with gene silencing and demonstrated to lead to chromosomal instability. Therefore, some postulate that aberrantly methylated CpG regions may be important biomarkers indicative of cancer development. In this study we used the Illumina GoldenGate Methylation BeadArray Cancer Panel I for simultaneously(More)
BACKGROUND Previously, we had reported the role of tacrolimus (TAC) versus sirolimus (SRL) on the generation of regulatory T cells (Tregs) in primary MLR assays with SRL, demonstrating a uniquely supportive effect. However, the mechanisms associated with their actions on alloreactive human T cells are not fully understood. Therefore, we tested whether TAC(More)
Tacrolimus and sirolimus are commonly used maintenance immunosuppressants in kidney transplantation. As their effects on immune cells and allograft molecular profiles have not been elucidated, we characterized the effects of tacrolimus to sirolimus conversion on the frequency and function of T cells, and on graft molecular profiles. Samples from renal(More)