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The role of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) in the pathogenesis of HCV-associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains controversial. To understand the transition from benign to malignant, we studied the gene expression patterns in liver tissues at different stages, including normal, cirrhosis, and different HCC stages. We studied 108 liver tissue samples(More)
Despite the advances in immunosuppression, renal allograft attrition over time remains unabated due to chronic allograft dysfunction (CAD) with interstitial fibrosis (IF) and tubular atrophy (TA). We aimed to evaluate microRNA (miRNA) signatures in CAD with IF/TA and appraise correlation with paired urine samples and potential utility in prospective(More)
BACKGROUND Development of quality-control criteria to ensure reproducibility of microarray results for potential clinical application is still in its infancy. METHODS In the present studies we developed quality-control criteria and evaluated their effect in microarray data analysis using total RNA from cell lines, frozen tumors, and a commercially(More)
Noninvasive, cost-effective biomarkers that allow accurate monitoring of graft function are needed in kidney transplantation. Since microRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as promising disease biomarkers, we sought to establish an miRNA signature in urinary cell pellets comparing kidney transplant patients diagnosed with chronic allograft dysfunction (CAD) with(More)
BACKGROUND Physiological angiogenesis occurs during liver regeneration, leading to the formation of new functional sinusoids. Pathological angiogenesis occurs in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We aimed to evaluate the expression of angiogenic factors in hepatitis C virus (HCV)-HCC tissues and the utility of angiogenesis soluble factors as noninvasive(More)
Non-invasive monitoring may be useful after kidney transplantation (KT), particularly for predicting acute rejection (AR). It is less clear whether chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN) is also associated with changes in urine cells. To identify non-invasive markers of allograft function in kidney transplant patients (KTP), mRNA levels of AGT, TGF-beta1,(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common cancer in the world. Liver transplantation (LT) represents a curative treatment for "small" HCC. Preoperative staging is critical in selecting optimal candidates for LT to optimize the use of this scarce resource. From December 1997 to February 2004, 148 patients diagnosed with cirrhosis and HCC were(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN) is a cause of graft loss. The multistage processes that result in CAN are poorly understood. Noninvasive assays for detecting allograft dysfunction and predicting long-term outcomes are a priority in transplantation (Tx). METHODS Renal tissue from kidney transplant patients (KTP) with CAN (n=11) and normal(More)
BACKGROUND Previously, we had reported the role of tacrolimus (TAC) versus sirolimus (SRL) on the generation of regulatory T cells (Tregs) in primary MLR assays with SRL, demonstrating a uniquely supportive effect. However, the mechanisms associated with their actions on alloreactive human T cells are not fully understood. Therefore, we tested whether TAC(More)
Important progress has been made in improving short-term outcomes in solid organ transplantation. However, long-term outcomes have not improved during the last decades. There is a critical need for biomarkers of donor quality, early diagnosis of graft injury and treatment response. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small single-stranded noncoding RNAs that(More)