Valeria Paolo Petronilli

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The mitochondrial permeability transition pore is a high conductance channel whose opening leads to an increase of mitochondrial inner membrane permeability to solutes with molecular masses up to approximately 1500 Da. In this review we trace the rise of the permeability transition pore from the status of in vitro artifact to that of effector mechanism of(More)
Mitochondria are involved in cell death for reasons that go beyond ATP supply. A recent advance has been the discovery that mitochondria contain and release proteins that are involved in the apoptotic cascade, like cytochrome c and apoptosis inducing factor. The involvement of mitochondria in cell death, and its being cause or consequence, remain issues(More)
Correlative evidence links stress, accumulation of oxidative cellular damage and ageing in lower organisms and in mammals. We investigated their mechanistic connections in p66Shc knockout mice, which are characterized by increased resistance to oxidative stress and extended life span. We report that p66Shc acts as a downstream target of the tumour(More)
Here we define the molecular nature of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (PTP), a key effector of cell death. The PTP is regulated by matrix cyclophilin D (CyPD), which also binds the lateral stalk of the FOF1 ATP synthase. We show that CyPD binds the oligomycin sensitivity-conferring protein subunit of the enzyme at the same site as the ATP(More)
The occurrence and the mode of opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MTP) were investigated directly in intact cells by monitoring the fluorescence of mitochondrial entrapped calcein. When MH1C1 cells and hepatocytes were loaded with calcein AM, calcein was also present within mitochondria, because (i) its mitochondrial signal was(More)
We have studied the properties of the permeability transition pore (PTP) in mitochondria from the liver of mice where the Ppif gene encoding for mitochondrial Cyclophilin D (CyP-D) had been inactivated. Mitochondria from Ppif-/- mice had no CyP-D and displayed a striking desensitization of the PTP to Ca2+, in that pore opening required about twice the Ca2+(More)
Reaction of isolated mitochondria with a variety of agents that lead to oxidation or cross-linking of sulfhydryl groups leads to an increased "open" probability of the permeability transition pore, a cyclosporin A-sensitive channel. We have investigated the mechanism by which the pore is induced by menadione, diamide, arsenite, and tert-butylhydroperoxide.(More)
After accumulation of a Ca2+ load, the addition of uncoupler to respiring rat liver mitochondria is followed by opening of the permeability transition pore (MTP), a voltage-dependent channel sensitive to cyclosporin A. The channel's voltage threshold is profoundly affected under conditions of oxidative stress, with a shift to more negative values that may(More)
The role of mitochondria as crucial participants in cell death programs is well established, yet the mechanisms responsible for the release of mitochondrial activators and the role of BCL2 family proteins in this process remain controversial. Here, we point out the limitations of current approaches used to monitor the physiological responses of mitochondria(More)
Mammalian mitochondria possess an inner membrane channel, the permeability transition pore (MTP), which can be inhibited by nanomolar concentrations of cyclosporin (CS) A. The molecular basis for MTP inhibition by CSA remains unclear. Mitochondria also possess a matrix cyclophilin (CyP) with a unique N-terminal sequence (CyP-M). To test the hypothesis that(More)