Valeria P Makarenkova

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The purpose of this study was to evaluate mu- and delta-opioid receptors (OR) on human and murine dendritic cells (DC). Expression of mu- and delta-OR mRNA on DC was demonstrated by RT-PCR. The immunocytochemical and Western blot analyses revealed the expression of OR protein in DC. Radioreceptor assay demonstrated the specific saturated(More)
Development of tumors is regulated by tumor-derived neuroendocrine factors, including bombesin-like peptides (BLP). We have evaluated neuroendocrine regulation of dendritic cell (DC) maturation and function by both tumor-derived and purified bombesin (BOM), neuromedin B (NMB), gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP), and a BOM antagonist D-Phe-bombesin (DPB). BOM,(More)
It has been recently demonstrated that dendritic cells (DC) coincubated with interleukin (IL)-15 express high levels of the Bcl-2 family of proteins and display an increased resistance to tumor-induced apoptotic death. Here, the phenotype, functions, and survival of human DC transduced with adenoviral vector encoding the human IL-15 gene were studied. The(More)
The biologic effects of endothelin-1 (ET-1) are not limited to its potent vasoconstricting activity. The endothelin receptors, ETA and ETB, have differential tissue and functional distributions. Here we showed that dendritic cells (DCs), the major antigen-presenting cells in the adaptive limb of the immune system, produce large amounts of ET-1 and(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) and natural killer (NK) cells are essential components of the innate immune system, which rapidly sense and eliminate invading pathogens and transformed cells, mediate inflammation, and initiate adaptive immune responses. During the early immune events, DC and NK cells interact and regulate each other. The cellular "cross talk" and its(More)
Activated, adherent natural killer (A-NK) cells represent a distinct subpopulation of interleukin (IL)-2-stimulated NK cells, which are selectively endowed with the increased expression of integrins and ability to adhere to solid surfaces, migrate into, infiltrate, and destroy cancerous tissues. The present study defines the phenotype and functions of(More)
BACKGROUND Tumors develop mechanisms to escape recognition by the immune system. It has recently been demonstrated that tumors cause apoptotic death of key immune cells, including the major antigen-presenting cells, dendritic cells (DC). Elimination of DC from the tumor environment significantly diminishes development of specific immunologic responses. We(More)
The opioid system is one in a number of peptidergic regulatory systems that support an appropriate anxiety level. The drugs that interact with the opioid system have been shown to influence anxiety, although there is a notable variability in their pharmacological effects. Biological mechanisms of this variability are considered to be the heterogeneity of(More)
A [3H]Dalargin preparation with a molar radioactivity of 52 Ci/mmol was obtained by the high temperature solid-state catalytic isotope exchange (HSCIE) of tritium for hydrogen at 150 degrees C. This tritium-labeled peptide was shown to completely retain its biological activity in the test of binding to opioid receptors from rat brain. The dissociation(More)
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