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Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), the most common form among motoneuron diseases, is characterized by a progressive neurodegenerative process involving motor neurons in the motor cortex, brain stem and spinal cord. Sporadic (SALS) accounts for the majority of patients but in about 10% of ALS cases the disease is inherited (FALS), usually as an autosomal(More)
Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are vascular lesions of the CNS characterized by abnormally enlarged capillary cavities. CCMs can occur as sporadic or familial autosomal dominant form. Familial cases are associated with mutations in CCM1[K-Rev interaction trapped 1 (KRIT1)], CCM2 (MGC4607) and CCM3 (PDCD10) genes. In this study, a three-gene(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral cavernous malformations are vascular malformations that affect the CNS and have been associated with cutaneous, retinal, and hepatic lesions. Until now, vertebral hemangiomas associated with CCM have been described only in one case. The coexistence of intracranial and spinal cavernous angiomas in familial CCM is extremely rare. In(More)
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are considered the cell subpopulation responsible for breast cancer (BC) initiation, growth, and relapse. CSCs are identified as self-renewing and tumor-initiating cells, conferring resistance to chemo- and radio-therapy to several neoplasias. Nowadays, th (about 10mM)e pharmacological targeting of CSCs is considered an ineludible(More)
Familial cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM) exhibits autosomal dominant inheritance and is characterized by vascular disorders of the brain, which can lead to seizures, focal neurological deficits, hemorrhagic stroke, and migraine. Three CCM loci have been mapped, but the gene for only one locus--KRIT1 coding for Krev-1/rap1 interaction trapped 1 (KRIT1)(More)
INTRODUCTION Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive and fatal neurological disease. Mutations of the Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase gene (SOD1) are responsible for 20% of autosomal dominant familial ALS (FALS). RESULTS We examined the clinical features of the first Italian FALS with the Leu144Phe SOD1 mutation. Seven affected members were(More)
Patients admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) with Klebsiella pneumoniae infections are characterized by high mortality. The aims of the present study were to investigate the population pharmacokinetics parameters and to assess the probability of target attainment of meropenem in critically ill patients to provide information for more effective regimens.(More)
A field strain of the bluetongue virus serotype 1 (BTV-1) was isolated from infected sheep in Sardinia, Italy, in October 2013. The genome was sequenced using Ion Torrent technology. BTV-1 strain SAD2013 belongs to the Western topotype of BTV-1, clustering with BTV-1 strains isolated in Europe and northern Africa since 2006.
We evaluated a possible genotype-phenotype correlation and looked for a founder effect in four Mediterranean families carrying the I112M SOD1 mutation. The structural characteristics of the mutated protein were also analysed. Clinical data of FALS subjects from four families were evaluated. Mutational analysis of the SOD1 gene was carried out by direct(More)
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