Valeria Marini

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Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), the most common form among motoneuron diseases, is characterized by a progressive neurodegenerative process involving motor neurons in the motor cortex, brain stem and spinal cord. Sporadic (SALS) accounts for the majority of patients but in about 10% of ALS cases the disease is inherited (FALS), usually as an autosomal(More)
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are considered the cell subpopulation responsible for breast cancer (BC) initiation, growth, and relapse. CSCs are identified as self-renewing and tumor-initiating cells, conferring resistance to chemo- and radio-therapy to several neoplasias. Nowadays, th (about 10mM)e pharmacological targeting of CSCs is considered an ineludible(More)
INTRODUCTION Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive and fatal neurological disease. Mutations of the Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase gene (SOD1) are responsible for 20% of autosomal dominant familial ALS (FALS). RESULTS We examined the clinical features of the first Italian FALS with the Leu144Phe SOD1 mutation. Seven affected members were(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic and excess ethanol exposure causes an increase in generation of free radicals which attack the polyunsaturated fatty acids in membranes to create lipid peroxides such as malondialdehyde (MDA) which is widely used as an indirect biomarker of oxidative stress. METHODS In this study a sensitive and reproducible high performance liquid(More)
Kikuchi disease is a rare entity characterized by lymphadenopathy and fever. Pathology study of lymph node biopsies provides the diagnosis. The disease course is favorable. The disease can occur isolated, or associated with other pathologies including lupus or mixed connective tissue disease. We report a case of Kikuchi disease in a 35-year-old woman,(More)
Pharmacokinetics and dose-finding studies on sorafenib were conducted on heterogeneous groups of patients with solid tumors. Portal hypertension, gut motility impairment and altered bile enterohepatic circulation may explain different sorafenib toxicological profile in cirrhotic patients. This study evaluated sorafenib plasma concentration in a homogeneous(More)
INTRODUCTION The A118G (rs 1799971) polymorphism in the mu-opioid receptor gene (OPRM1) has been reported to be associated with alcohol addiction. METHODS In this study 109 patients diagnosed with alcohol dependence in accordance with DMS-IV criteria and 95 healthy subjects were enrolled and everyone has been genotyped. RESULTS The percentage of(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the study was to recreate in-vitro artificial aqueous humor with the same physico-chemical properties of human aqueous humor to be used as a standard matrix in chromatography to assess drug concentration in the anterior and posterior chamber of the human eye. METHODS The artificial aqueous humor was prepared according to the human(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral cavernous malformations are vascular malformations that affect the CNS and have been associated with cutaneous, retinal, and hepatic lesions. Until now, vertebral hemangiomas associated with CCM have been described only in one case. The coexistence of intracranial and spinal cavernous angiomas in familial CCM is extremely rare. In(More)
Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are vascular lesions of the CNS characterized by abnormally enlarged capillary cavities. CCMs can occur as sporadic or familial autosomal dominant form. Familial cases are associated with mutations in CCM1[K-Rev interaction trapped 1 (KRIT1)], CCM2 (MGC4607) and CCM3 (PDCD10) genes. In this study, a three-gene(More)