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Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), the most common form among motoneuron diseases, is characterized by a progressive neurodegenerative process involving motor neurons in the motor cortex, brain stem and spinal cord. Sporadic (SALS) accounts for the majority of patients but in about 10% of ALS cases the disease is inherited (FALS), usually as an autosomal(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic and excess ethanol exposure causes an increase in generation of free radicals which attack the polyunsaturated fatty acids in membranes to create lipid peroxides such as malondialdehyde (MDA) which is widely used as an indirect biomarker of oxidative stress. METHODS In this study a sensitive and reproducible high performance liquid(More)
Pharmacokinetics and dose-finding studies on sorafenib were conducted on heterogeneous groups of patients with solid tumors. Portal hypertension, gut motility impairment and altered bile enterohepatic circulation may explain different sorafenib toxicological profile in cirrhotic patients. This study evaluated sorafenib plasma concentration in a homogeneous(More)
INTRODUCTION The A118G (rs 1799971) polymorphism in the mu-opioid receptor gene (OPRM1) has been reported to be associated with alcohol addiction. METHODS In this study 109 patients diagnosed with alcohol dependence in accordance with DMS-IV criteria and 95 healthy subjects were enrolled and everyone has been genotyped. RESULTS The percentage of(More)
INTRODUCTION Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive and fatal neurological disease. Mutations of the Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase gene (SOD1) are responsible for 20% of autosomal dominant familial ALS (FALS). RESULTS We examined the clinical features of the first Italian FALS with the Leu144Phe SOD1 mutation. Seven affected members were(More)
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are considered the cell subpopulation responsible for breast cancer (BC) initiation, growth, and relapse. CSCs are identified as self-renewing and tumor-initiating cells, conferring resistance to chemo- and radio-therapy to several neoplasias. Nowadays, th (about 10mM)e pharmacological targeting of CSCs is considered an ineludible(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the study was to recreate in-vitro artificial aqueous humor with the same physico-chemical properties of human aqueous humor to be used as a standard matrix in chromatography to assess drug concentration in the anterior and posterior chamber of the human eye. METHODS The artificial aqueous humor was prepared according to the human(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral cavernous malformations are vascular malformations that affect the CNS and have been associated with cutaneous, retinal, and hepatic lesions. Until now, vertebral hemangiomas associated with CCM have been described only in one case. The coexistence of intracranial and spinal cavernous angiomas in familial CCM is extremely rare. In(More)
Familial cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM) exhibits autosomal dominant inheritance and is characterized by vascular disorders of the brain, which can lead to seizures, focal neurological deficits, hemorrhagic stroke, and migraine. Three CCM loci have been mapped, but the gene for only one locus--KRIT1 coding for Krev-1/rap1 interaction trapped 1 (KRIT1)(More)
BACKGROUND As the accuracy of the "Sugar Test" is currently debated, this study was conducted to focus on how urine volumes may impact the test results. METHODS Fifty-five subjects, 23 healthy and 32 with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), were enrolled. Lactulose and D-mannitol dissolved in water were administered to all the participating subjects; the(More)