Valeria Famiglini

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New arylthioindole derivatives having different cyclic substituents at position 2 of the indole were synthesized as anticancer agents. Several compounds inhibited tubulin polymerization at submicromolar concentration and inhibited cell growth at low nanomolar concentrations. Compounds 18 and 57 were superior to the previously synthesized 5. Compound 18 was(More)
We synthesized 3-aroyl-1-arylpyrrole (ARAP) derivatives as potential anticancer agents having different substituents at the pendant 1-phenyl ring. Both the 1-phenyl ring and 3-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)carbonyl moieties were mandatory to achieve potent inhibition of tubulin polymerization, binding of colchicine to tubulin, and cancer cell growth. ARAP 22(More)
We report the first example of venting-while-heating microwave-assisted synthesis of a small library of 3-arylthioindoles. Compounds were prepared in excellent isolated yields (90-98%) within 4 min in a closed vessel by treating indoles with disulfides in the presence of sodium hydride in anhydrous N,N-dimethylformamide. The method was not affected by(More)
Chiral HIV-1 non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) are of great interest since one enantiomer is often more potent than the corresponding counterpart against the HIV-1 wild type (WT) and the HIV-1 drug resistant mutant strains. This review exemplifies the various studies made to investigate the effect of chirality on the antiretroviral(More)
BACKGROUND Histone demethylases (HDMs) have a prominent role in epigenetic regulation and are emerging as potential therapeutic cancer targets. The search for small molecules able to inhibit HDMs in vivo is very active but at the present few compounds were found to be specific for defined classes of these enzymes. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS In order(More)
We synthesized new indolylarylsulfone (IAS) derivatives carrying a heterocyclic tail at the indole-2-carboxamide nitrogen as potential anti-HIV/AIDS agents. Several new IASs yielded EC50 values <1.0 nM against HIV-1 WT and mutant strains in MT-4 cells. The (R)-11 enantiomer proved to be exceptionally potent against the whole viral panel; in the reverse(More)
New indolylarylsulfone HIV-1 NNRTIs were synthesized to evaluate unexplored substitutions of the benzyl/phenylethyl group linked at the indole-2-carboxamide. Against the NL4-3 HIV-1 WT strain, 17 out 20 compounds were superior to NVP and EFV. Several compounds inhibited the K103N HIV-1 mutant strain at nanomolar concentration and were superior to EFV. Some(More)
New indolylarylsulfone (IAS) derivatives bearing nitrogen containing substituents at the indole-2-carboxamide inhibited the HIV-1 WT in MT-4 cells at low nanomolar concentrations. In particular, compound 9 was uniformly effective against the mutant Y181C, Y188L, and K103N HIV-1 strains; it was highly active against the multidrug resistant mutant IRLL98(More)
This review illustrates the various studies made to investigate the activity of N-pyrrylarylsulfone containing compounds as potential antiviral, anticancer and SNC drugs. A number of synthetic approaches to obtain tetracyclic, tricyclic and non-cyclic compounds, and their biological activity with regard to structure-activity relationships (SARs) have been(More)
Cannabinoid (CB) and opioid systems are both involved in analgesia, food intake, mood and behavior. Due to the co-localization of µ-opioid (MOR) and CB1 receptors in various regions of the central nervous system (CNS) and their ability to form heterodimers, bivalent ligands targeting to both these systems may be good candidates to investigate the existence(More)