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OBJECTIVE Subcortical stimulation can be used to identify functional language tracts during resection of gliomas located close to or within language areas or pathways. The objective of the present study was to investigate the feasibility of the routine use of subcortical stimulation for identification of language tracts in a large series of patients with(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) in humans may cause extensive sensorimotor and cognitive dysfunction. As a result, many TBI researchers are beginning to assess behavioral correlates of histologically determined damage in animal models. Although this is an important step in TBI research, there is a need for standardization between laboratories. The ability to(More)
OBJECTIVE Repetitive concussive brain injury (CBI) is associated with cognitive alterations and increased risk of neurodegenerative disease. METHODS To evaluate the temporal window during which the concussed brain remains vulnerable to a second concussion, anesthetized mice were subjected to either sham injury or single or repetitive CBI (either 3, 5, or(More)
Axonal injury is believed to be a major determinant of adverse outcomes following traumatic brain injury. However, it has been difficult to assess acutely the severity of axonal injury in human traumatic brain injury patients. We hypothesized that microdialysis-based measurements of the brain extracellular fluid levels of tau and neurofilament light chain,(More)
Shape, length and width of the perikaryal projections of spinal ganglion neurons from adult rabbits fixed in situ by perfusion have been evaluated by means of serial section electron microscopy. The results thus obtained have been compared with those obtained by enzymatic removal of ganglionic connective tissue and satellite cells followed by direct(More)
The true surface of rabbit spinal ganglion neurons has been made directly accessible to scanning electron-microscope observation after removal of both the connective tissue and satellite cells that normally cover it. The neuronal surface is characterized by a profusion of slender projections whose shapes have been determined and whose length and width have(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) causes selective hippocampal cell death, which is believed to be associated with cognitive impairment observed both in clinical and experimental settings. Although neurotrophin administration has been tested as a strategy to prevent cell death following TBI, the potential neuroprotective role of neurotrophin-4/5 (NT-4/5) in TBI(More)
Synucleins (Syn), a family of synaptic proteins, includes alpha-Syn, which plays a pivotal role in Parkinson's disease and related neurodegenerative diseases (synucleinopathies) by forming distinct brain pathologies (Lewy bodies and neurites). Since traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a poorly understood risk factor for Parkinson's disease, we examined the(More)
The volumes of the nerve cell bodies and those of the enveloping satellite cell sheaths from spinal ganglia of young adult and aged rabbits were determined by morphometric methods using the electron microscope. The mean volume of the nerve cell bodies was greater in the old rabbits than in young adults; this is probably related to the larger body size of(More)