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Various neurological and psychiatric manifestations have been recorded in children with adrenal disorders. Based on literature review and on personal case-studies and case-series we focused on the pathophysiological and clinical implications of glucocorticoid-related, mineralcorticoid-related, and catecholamine-related paediatric nervous system involvement.(More)
The clinical syndrome idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), also termed pseudotumor cerebri, consists of symptoms of headache, nausea, vomiting and visual field defects in combination with findings of papilledema. IIH is more commonly seen in overweight women where the rise in intracranial pressure is putatively a consequence of an endocrine-based(More)
CONTEXT Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) is the major chronic liver disease in the pediatric population. NAFLD includes a broad spectrum of abnormalities (inflammation, fibrosis and cirrhosis), ranging from accumulation of fat (also known as steatosis) towards non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The development of NAFLD in children is(More)
Vasopressin (AVP) plays a detrimental role in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). Copeptin represents a measurable substitute for circulating AVP whereas apelin counteracts AVP signaling. The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive value of apelin and copeptin for the progression of ADPKD disease. 52 ADPKD patients were(More)
BACKGROUND Kidney transplantation is the therapy of choice in most cases of end stage renal disease. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate serum obestatin levels in kidney transplant recipients (Tx), compare levels in patients with renal failure (CKD) with those in healthy subjects (HS), and to assess the role of this hormone in energetic(More)
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