Valeria Cavaliere

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 In Drosophila a remarkable feature of oogenesis is the regression of the nurse cells after dumping their cytoplasmic contents into the oocyte. We have studied the nature of this process at the late stages of egg chamber development. In egg chambers DAPI staining shows highly condensed chromatin from stage 12 and TUNEL labelling shows DNA fragmentation up(More)
A study was made of the localization and assembly of the VM32E protein, a putative vitelline membrane component of the Drosophila eggshell. The results highlight some unique features of this protein compared with the other proteins of the same gene family. At the time of its synthesis (stage 10), the VM32E protein is not detectable in polar follicle cells.(More)
Large-scale losses of honey bee colonies represent a poorly understood problem of global importance. Both biotic and abiotic factors are involved in this phenomenon that is often associated with high loads of parasites and pathogens. A stronger impact of pathogens in honey bees exposed to neonicotinoid insecticides has been reported, but the causal link(More)
The energy of DNA deformation plays a crucial and active role in its packaging and its function in the cell. Considerable effort has gone into developing methodologies capable of evaluating the local sequence-directed curvature and flexibility of a DNA chain. These studies thus far have focused on DNA constructs expressly tailored either with anomalous(More)
The Drosophila vitelline membrane protein gene VM32E is expressed according to a precise temporal and spatial program in the follicle cells. Results from germ line transformation experiments using different fragments of the −465/−39 VM32E region fused to the hsp/lacZ reporter gene revealed that the region −348/−39 is sufficient to confer the wild-type(More)
The VM32E gene is differently expressed in the distinct cell domains composing the follicular epithelium. Our previous work on the VM32E gene defined the promoter regions required for the control of gene expression in the ventral and dorsal follicle domains. In this report, we present data from a finer dissection of each upstream regulatory region, allowing(More)
SCO proteins are copper-donor chaperones involved in the assembly of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase (COX). Mutations in the two human SCO-encoding genes, SCO1 and SCO2, produce tissue-specific COX deficiencies associated with distinct clinical phenotypes. Here, we report the identification and characterization of scox, the single Drosophila melanogaster(More)
The Drosophila abnormal wing discs (awd) belongs to a highly conserved family of genes implicated in metastasis suppression, metabolic homeostasis and epithelial morphogenesis. The cellular function of the mammalian members of this family, the Nm23 proteins, has not yet been clearly defined. Previous awd genetic analyses unraveled its endocytic role that is(More)
Mutations in the human von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) genes are the cause of VHL disease, which displays multiple benign and malignant tumors. The VHL gene has been shown to regulate angiogenic potential and glycolic metabolism via its E3 ubiquitin ligase function against the alpha subunit of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF). However, many other HIF-independent(More)
Maternal expression of the translational regulator 4EHP (eIF4E-Homologous Protein) has an established role in generating protein gradients essential for specifying the Drosophila embryonic pattern. We generated a null mutation of 4EHP, which revealed for the first time that it is essential for viability and for completion of development. In fact, 4EHP null(More)