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Recent research has highlighted the fundamental role of the tumour's extracellular metabolic microenvironment in malignant invasion. This microenvironment is acidified primarily by the tumour-cell Na(+)/H(+) exchanger NHE1 and the H(+)/lactate cotransporter, which are activated in cancer cells. NHE1 also regulates formation of invadopodia - cell structures(More)
In this study we investigate the mechanism of intracellular pH change and its role in malignant transformation using the E7 oncogene of human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16). Infecting NIH3T3 cells with recombinant retroviruses expressing the HPV16 E7 or a transformation deficient mutant we show that alkalinization is transformation specific. In NIH3T3 cells(More)
Epithelial layers of LLC-PK1/PKE20 cells, a renal epithelial cell line which expresses Na+/H+ exchange activities in the apical as well as basolateral membrane domains, are examined in the single cell mode by microspectrofluorometry. We provide evidence that basolateral Na+/H+ exchange is more sensitive to amiloride inhibition than is apical Na+/H+(More)
Extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation is a critical process in tumor cell invasion and requires membrane and released proteases focalized at membrane structures called invadopodia. While extracellular acidification is important in driving tumor invasion, the structure/function mechanisms underlying this regulation are still unknown. Invadopodia are similar(More)
Understanding the signal transduction systems governing invasion is fundamental for the design of therapeutic strategies against metastasis. Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulatory factor (NHERF1) is a postsynaptic density 95/disc-large/zona occludens (PDZ) domain-containing protein that recruits membrane receptors/transporters and cytoplasmic signaling proteins(More)
We have demonstrated that Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulatory factor 1 (NHERF1) overexpression in CFBE41o- cells induces a significant redistribution of F508del cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) from the cytoplasm to the apical membrane and rescues CFTR-dependent chloride secretion. Here, we observe that CFBE41o- monolayers displayed(More)
Whereas the tumor acidic extracellular pH plays a crucial role in the invasive process, the mechanism(s) behind this acidification, especially in low nutrient conditions, are unclear. The regulation of the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (NHE) and invasion by serum deprivation were studied in a series of breast epithelial cell lines representing progression from(More)
There is evidence that cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) interacting proteins play critical roles in the proper expression and function of CFTR. The Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulatory factor isoform 1 (NHERF1) was the first identified CFTR-binding protein. Here we further clarify the role of NHERF1 in the regulation of CFTR activity in(More)
Data concerning the hormone sensitivity of the release and role of the aspartyl protease cathepsin D in tumor proliferative and invasive processes have been contradictory. To clarify the mechanisms of its release and role we first studied the contribution of estradiol and stripped serum to the time course and kinetics of cathepsin D release, proliferation,(More)
Nucleotide binding to purinergic P2Y receptors contributes to the regulation of a variety of physiological functions in renal epithelial cells. Here, we investigate the regulatory mechanism of the P2Y1 receptor agonist 2-methylthioadenosine diphosphate (2-MeSADP) on Cl- transport in A6 cells, a commonly used model of the distal section of the Xenopus laevis(More)