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Recent research has highlighted the fundamental role of the tumour's extracellular metabolic microenvironment in malignant invasion. This microenvironment is acidified primarily by the tumour-cell Na(+)/H(+) exchanger NHE1 and the H(+)/lactate cotransporter, which are activated in cancer cells. NHE1 also regulates formation of invadopodia - cell structures(More)
In this study we investigate the mechanism of intracellular pH change and its role in malignant transformation using the E7 oncogene of human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16). Infecting NIH3T3 cells with recombinant retroviruses expressing the HPV16 E7 or a transformation deficient mutant we show that alkalinization is transformation specific. In NIH3T3 cells(More)
We have demonstrated that Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulatory factor 1 (NHERF1) overexpression in CFBE41o- cells induces a significant redistribution of F508del cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) from the cytoplasm to the apical membrane and rescues CFTR-dependent chloride secretion. Here, we observe that CFBE41o- monolayers displayed(More)
Whereas the tumor acidic extracellular pH plays a crucial role in the invasive process, the mechanism(s) behind this acidification, especially in low nutrient conditions, are unclear. The regulation of the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (NHE) and invasion by serum deprivation were studied in a series of breast epithelial cell lines representing progression from(More)
Understanding the signal transduction systems governing invasion is fundamental for the design of therapeutic strategies against metastasis. Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulatory factor (NHERF1) is a postsynaptic density 95/disc-large/zona occludens (PDZ) domain-containing protein that recruits membrane receptors/transporters and cytoplasmic signaling proteins(More)
There is evidence that cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) interacting proteins play critical roles in the proper expression and function of CFTR. The Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulatory factor isoform 1 (NHERF1) was the first identified CFTR-binding protein. Here we further clarify the role of NHERF1 in the regulation of CFTR activity in(More)
The opioid receptor antagonist, naloxone, has been shown to have beneficial effects in the kidney and to be implicated in renal salt and water balance. In the present study the signal transduction pathways utilized by naloxone were studied in an epithelial cell line model of the cortical collecting duct, A6 cells. We found that naloxone has a dual effect(More)
Extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation is a critical process in tumor cell invasion and requires membrane and released proteases focalized at membrane structures called invadopodia. While extracellular acidification is important in driving tumor invasion, the structure/function mechanisms underlying this regulation are still unknown. Invadopodia are similar(More)
The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) mutation ΔF508CFTR still causes regulatory defects when rescued to the apical membrane, suggesting that the intracellular milieu might affect its ability to respond to cAMP regulation. We recently reported that overexpression of the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulatory factor NHERF1 in the cystic(More)
Data concerning the hormone sensitivity of the release and role of the aspartyl protease cathepsin D in tumor proliferative and invasive processes have been contradictory. To clarify the mechanisms of its release and role we first studied the contribution of estradiol and stripped serum to the time course and kinetics of cathepsin D release, proliferation,(More)