Valeria Casavola

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Recent research has highlighted the fundamental role of the tumour's extracellular metabolic microenvironment in malignant invasion. This microenvironment is acidified primarily by the tumour-cell Na(+)/H(+) exchanger NHE1 and the H(+)/lactate cotransporter, which are activated in cancer cells. NHE1 also regulates formation of invadopodia - cell structures(More)
  • S J Reshkin, A Bellizzi, +6 authors M Tommasino
  • FASEB journal : official publication of the…
  • 2000
In this study we investigate the mechanism of intracellular pH change and its role in malignant transformation using the E7 oncogene of human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16). Infecting NIH3T3 cells with recombinant retroviruses expressing the HPV16 E7 or a transformation deficient mutant we show that alkalinization is transformation specific. In NIH3T3 cells(More)
Whereas the tumor acidic extracellular pH plays a crucial role in the invasive process, the mechanism(s) behind this acidification, especially in low nutrient conditions, are unclear. The regulation of the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (NHE) and invasion by serum deprivation were studied in a series of breast epithelial cell lines representing progression from(More)
Understanding the signal transduction systems governing invasion is fundamental for the design of therapeutic strategies against metastasis. Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulatory factor (NHERF1) is a postsynaptic density 95/disc-large/zona occludens (PDZ) domain-containing protein that recruits membrane receptors/transporters and cytoplasmic signaling proteins(More)
Extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation is a critical process in tumor cell invasion and requires membrane and released proteases focalized at membrane structures called invadopodia. While extracellular acidification is important in driving tumor invasion, the structure/function mechanisms underlying this regulation are still unknown. Invadopodia are similar(More)
Epithelial layers of LLC-PK1/PKE20 cells, a renal epithelial cell line which expresses Na+/H+ exchange activities in the apical as well as basolateral membrane domains, are examined in the single cell mode by microspectrofluorometry. We provide evidence that basolateral Na+/H+ exchange is more sensitive to amiloride inhibition than is apical Na+/H+(More)
Metastasis results from a sequence of selective events often involving interactions with elements of the tumor-specific physiological microenvironment. The low-serum component of this microenvironment confers increased motility and invasion in breast cancer cells by activating the Na+/H+ exchanger isoform 1 (NHE1). The present study was undertaken to(More)
The opioid receptor antagonist, naloxone, has been shown to have beneficial effects in the kidney and to be implicated in renal salt and water balance. In the present study the signal transduction pathways utilized by naloxone were studied in an epithelial cell line model of the cortical collecting duct, A6 cells. We found that naloxone has a dual effect(More)
LLC-PK1/PKE20 cells (a continuous epithelial cell line) has two different Na/H exchange activities: Na/H-1 located in the basolateral membrane and Na/H-2 located in the apical membrane [Casavola et al. (1989) Biochem Biophys Res Commun 165:833–837; Haggerty et al. (1988) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 86:6797–6801]. In the present report we have studied hormone(More)
PURPOSE The molecular signal components essential to paclitaxel-dependent apoptosis in breast cancers are potential targets for combined therapy. However, the signal mechanisms underlying paclitaxel action still need to be better defined. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN In a breast cancer cell line, pharmacological agents and transient transfection with dominant(More)