Valeria C Primo

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Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) is a life-threatening autoimmune vasculitis that affects lungs, kidneys and other organs. A hallmark of WG is the presence of classic anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (c-ANCA) against self-proteinase 3 (PR3). Little is known about the role of these antibodies and PR3-specific immune responses in disease development. In(More)
Staphylococcus aureus, is the most frequently isolated pathogen from cases of bovine mastitis. Vaccination against S. aureus seems to be a rational approach for the control of staphylococcal mastitis. In the present work we evaluate the response of heifers vaccinated with a S. aureus avirulent mutant to the intramammary challenge with a S. aureus virulent(More)
Allograft rejection remains a major limitation to successful solid organ transplantation. Here, we investigated the biosynthesis and bioactions of the pro-resolving mediators lipoxin A(4) and resolvin E1 in host responses to organ transplantation. In samples obtained during screening bronchoscopy after human lung transplantation, bronchoalveolar lavage(More)
OBJECTIVES Mixed hematopoietic chimerism is associated with islet allograft tolerance and may reverse autoimmunity. We developed low intensity regimens for the induction of mixed chimerism and examined the effects on autoimmunity in prediabetic nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS NOD mice received various combinations of total body(More)
Leukotriene B(4) (LTB(4)) is a potent chemoattractant for polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) and other cells. Human PMN inactivate LTB(4) by omega-oxidation catalyzed by cytochrome P-450 (CYP) 4F3A. The contribution of the enzymatic inactivation of LTB(4) by CYP4Fs to down-regulating functional responses of cells to LTB(4) is unknown. To elucidate the role(More)
Activated neutrophils produce serine proteases, which activate cells through protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR2). As proteinase 3 (PR3) induces the secretion of interleukin (IL)-18 from epithelial cells in combination with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in vitro, we examined whether neutrophils, serine proteases, and PAR2 are involved in the induction of serum(More)
The CD200R1:CD200 axis is traditionally considered to limit tissue inflammation by down-regulating pro-inflammatory signaling in myeloid cells bearing the receptor. We generated CD200R1(-/-) mice and employed them to explore both the role of CD200R1 in regulating macrophage signaling via TLR2 as well as the host response to an in vivo, TLR2-dependent model,(More)
Lipoxin A(4) (LXA(4)) and aspirin-triggered 15-epi-LXA(4) are potent endogenous lipid mediators thought to define the inflammatory set-point. We used single prophylactic administrations of a synthetic aspirin-triggered lipoxin A(4) signal mimetic, ATLa, to probe dynamics of early host-donor interactions in a mouse model for the inflammation-associated(More)
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