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MYH9-related disease (MYH9-RD) is a rare autosomal-dominant disorder caused by mutations in the gene for nonmuscle myosin heavy chain IIA (NMMHC-IIA). MYH9-RD is characterized by a considerable variability in clinical evolution: patients present at birth with only thrombocytopenia, but some of them subsequently develop sensorineural deafness, cataract,(More)
MYH9-related disease (MYH9-RD) is a rare autosomal-dominant disorder caused by mutations in MYH9, the gene for the heavy chain of nonmuscle myosin IIA (NMMHC-IIA). All patients present from birth with macrothrombocytopenia, but in infancy or adult life, some of them develop sensorineural deafness, presenile cataracts, and/or progressive nephritis leading to(More)
BACKGROUND Distinguishing inherited thrombocytopenias from immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) can be difficult, and patients are therefore at risk of misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatments. Although it is known that the most common inherited forms of thrombocytopenia are characterized by increased platelet size, the diagnostic power of this feature has never(More)
Mutations decreasing function of the Fas death receptor cause the autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) with autoimmune manifestations, spleen/lymph node enlargement, and expansion of CD4/CD8-negative T cells. Dianzani Autoimmune Lymphoproliferative Disease (DALD) is a variant lacking this expansion. Perforin is involved in cell-mediated(More)
BACKGROUND Bernard-Soulier syndrome is a severe bleeding disease due to a defect of GPIb/IX/V, a platelet complex that binds the von Willebrand factor. Due to the rarity of the disease, there are reports only on a few cases compromising any attempt to establish correlations between genotype and phenotype. In order to identify any associations, we describe(More)
BACKGROUND Although mutations of GPIb alpha are among the most frequent causes of inherited platelet disorders, the mechanisms for the onset of thrombocytopenia and platelet macrocytosis are still poorly defined. OBJECTIVE In this work we analyzed in vitro megakaryocyte differentiation and proplatelet formation in six subjects heterozygous for the(More)
Platelet transfusion is currently the primary medical treatment for reducing thrombocytopenia in patients with inherited thrombocytopenias. To evaluate whether stimulating megakaryopoiesis could increase platelet count in these conditions, we treated patients with a severe thrombocytopenia induced by MYH9 mutations (MYH9-related disease) with a nonpeptide(More)
MYH9-related disease (MYH9-RD) is an autosomal-dominant thrombocytopenia caused by mutations of MYH9, the gene for the heavy chain of myosin-IIA. Pathogenesis of thrombocytopenia of MYH9-RD is unknown. Recent studies in mice demonstrated that myosin-IIA is an inhibitor of proplatelet formation (PPF), and suggested that it could be involved in the(More)
MYH9-related disease ( MYH9-RD) is an autosomal dominant thrombocytopenia with giant platelets variably associated with young-adult onset of progressive sensorineural hearing loss, presenile cataract, and renal damage. MYH9-RD is caused by mutations of MYH9 , the gene encoding for non-muscle heavy-chain myosin-9. Wild-type and mutant myosin-9 aggregate as(More)
MYH9-related disease (MYH9-RD) is an autosomal-dominant thrombocytopenia caused by mutations in the gene for the heavy chain of non-muscle myosin-IIA (NMMHC-IIA). Recent in vitro studies led to the hypothesis that thrombocytopenia of MYH9-RD derives from an ectopic platelet release by megakaryocytes in the osteoblastic areas of bone marrow (BM), which are(More)