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- Bruno Uchoa, Valeri N. Kotov, Nuno Miguel Machado Reis Peres, Antônio Hélio Castro Neto
- Physical review letters
- 2008

We examine the conditions necessary for the presence of localized magnetic moments on adatoms with inner shell electrons in graphene. We show that the low density of states at the Dirac point, and the anomalous broadening of the adatom electronic level, lead to the formation of magnetic moments for arbitrarily small local charging energy. As a result, we… (More)

- Oleg P. Sushkov, Valeri N. Kotov
- Physical review letters
- 2005

The main feature in the elastic neutron scattering of La2-xSrxCuO4 is the existence of incommensurate peaks with positions that jump from 45 degrees to 0 degrees at 5% doping. We show that the spiral state of the t-t(')-t('')-J model with realistic parameters describes these data perfectly. We explain why in the insulator the peak is at 45 degrees while it… (More)

We study the problem of Coulomb field-induced charging of the ground state in a system of 2D massive Dirac particles – gapped graphene. As in its 3D QED counterpart, the critical Coulomb coupling is renormalized to higher values, compared to the massless case. We find that in gapped graphene a novel supercritical regime is possible, where the screening… (More)

- I. S. Terekhov, Alexander I. Milstein, Valeri N. Kotov, Oleg P. Sushkov
- Physical review letters
- 2008

We calculate exactly the vacuum polarization charge density in the field of a subcritical Coulomb impurity, Z|e|/r, in graphene. Our analysis is based on the exact electron Green's function, obtained by using the operator method, and leads to results that are exact in the parameter Zalpha, where alpha is the "fine-structure constant" of graphene. Taking… (More)

- Anders W. Sandvik, Valeri N. Kotov, Oleg P. Sushkov
- Physical review letters
- 2011

We consider the quantum phase transition between a Néel antiferromagnet and a valence-bond solid (VBS) in a two-dimensional system of S = 1/2 spins. Assuming that the excitations of the critical ground state are linearly dispersing deconfined spinons obeying Bose statistics, we derive expressions for the specific heat C and the magnetic susceptibility χ at… (More)

We consider quantum spin systems with dimerization, which at strong coupling have singlet ground states. To account for strong correlations, the S"1 elementary excitations are described as dilute Bose gas with infinite on-site repulsion. This approach is applied to the two-layer Heisenberg antiferromagnet. Our analytic results for the triplet gap, the… (More)

We discuss the spiral spin density wave model and its application to explain properties of underdoped La2−xSrxCuO4. We argue that the spiral picture is theoretically well justified in the context of the extended t−J model, and then show that it can explain a number of observed features, such as the location and symmetry of the incommensurate peaks in… (More)

- Xu Dou, Valeri N. Kotov, Bruno Uchoa
- Scientific reports
- 2016

Quantum spin-orbital liquids are elusive strongly correlated states of matter that emerge from quantum frustration between spin and orbital degrees of freedom. A promising route towards the observation of those states is the creation of artificial Mott insulators where antiferromagnetic correlations between spins and orbitals can be designed. We show that… (More)

- Beverly Watson, Valeri N. Kotov, +9 authors Daniel R. Talham
- Physical review letters
- 2001

The magnetization, M(H< or =30 T,0.7< or =T< or =300 K), of (C5H12N)2CuBr4 has been used to identify this system as an S = 1/2 Heisenberg two-leg ladder in the strong-coupling limit, J( perpendicular) = 13.3 K and J( parallel) = 3.8 K, with H(c1) = 6.6 T and H(c2) = 14.6 T. An inflection point in M(H,T = 0.7 K) at half saturation, M(s)/2, is described by an… (More)

The excitation spectrum of the two-chain S = 1/2 Heisenberg spin ladder with additional second neighbor frustrating interactions is studied by a variety of techniques. A description, based on a mapping of the model onto a Bose gas of hard-core triplets is used to determine the oneand two-particle excitation spectra. We find that low-lying singlet and… (More)