Valeri N. Kotov

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We examine the conditions necessary for the presence of localized magnetic moments on adatoms with inner shell electrons in graphene. We show that the low density of states at the Dirac point, and the anomalous broadening of the adatom electronic level, lead to the formation of magnetic moments for arbitrarily small local charging energy. As a result, we(More)
The main feature in the elastic neutron scattering of La2-xSrxCuO4 is the existence of incommensurate peaks with positions that jump from 45 degrees to 0 degrees at 5% doping. We show that the spiral state of the t-t(')-t('')-J model with realistic parameters describes these data perfectly. We explain why in the insulator the peak is at 45 degrees while it(More)
We calculate exactly the vacuum polarization charge density in the field of a subcritical Coulomb impurity, Z|e|/r, in graphene. Our analysis is based on the exact electron Green's function, obtained by using the operator method, and leads to results that are exact in the parameter Zalpha, where alpha is the "fine-structure constant" of graphene. Taking(More)
We consider the quantum phase transition between a Néel antiferromagnet and a valence-bond solid (VBS) in a two-dimensional system of S = 1/2 spins. Assuming that the excitations of the critical ground state are linearly dispersing deconfined spinons obeying Bose statistics, we derive expressions for the specific heat C and the magnetic susceptibility χ at(More)
We consider quantum spin systems with dimerization, which at strong coupling have singlet ground states. To account for strong correlations, the S"1 elementary excitations are described as dilute Bose gas with infinite on-site repulsion. This approach is applied to the two-layer Heisenberg antiferromagnet. Our analytic results for the triplet gap, the(More)
Quantum spin-orbital liquids are elusive strongly correlated states of matter that emerge from quantum frustration between spin and orbital degrees of freedom. A promising route towards the observation of those states is the creation of artificial Mott insulators where antiferromagnetic correlations between spins and orbitals can be designed. We show that(More)
The magnetization, M(H< or =30 T,0.7< or =T< or =300 K), of (C5H12N)2CuBr4 has been used to identify this system as an S = 1/2 Heisenberg two-leg ladder in the strong-coupling limit, J( perpendicular) = 13.3 K and J( parallel) = 3.8 K, with H(c1) = 6.6 T and H(c2) = 14.6 T. An inflection point in M(H,T = 0.7 K) at half saturation, M(s)/2, is described by an(More)
The excitation spectrum of the two-chain S = 1/2 Heisenberg spin ladder with additional second neighbor frustrating interactions is studied by a variety of techniques. A description, based on a mapping of the model onto a Bose gas of hard-core triplets is used to determine the oneand two-particle excitation spectra. We find that low-lying singlet and(More)