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Biogenic materials are produced by microorganisms and are typically found in a nanophase state. As such, they are difficult to characterize structurally. In this report, we demonstrate how high-energy X-ray diffraction and atomic pair distribution function analysis can be used to determine the atomic-scale structures of MnO(x) produced by bacteria and(More)
Thiol-functionalized mesostructured silica with anhydrous compositions of (SiO(2))(1)(-)(x)()(LSiO(1.5))(x)(), where L is a mercaptopropyl group and x is the fraction of functionalized framework silicon centers, are effective trapping agents for the removal of mercuric(II) ions from water. In the present work, we investigate the mercury-binding mechanism(More)
Active and highly stable oxide-supported IrNiO(x) core-shell catalysts for electrochemical water splitting are presented. IrNi(x)@IrO(x) nanoparticles supported on high-surface-area mesoporous antimony-doped tin oxide (IrNiO(x)/Meso-ATO) were synthesized from bimetallic IrNi(x) precursor alloys (PA-IrNi(x) /Meso-ATO) using electrochemical Ni leaching and(More)
Ferroelectricity in finite-dimensional systems continues to arouse interest, motivated by predictions of vortex polarization states and the utility of ferroelectric nanomaterials in memory devices, actuators and other applications. Critical to these areas of research are the nanoscale polarization structure and scaling limit of ferroelectric order, which(More)
Platinum nanoparticles with a mean size of 1.7 nm were synthesized by reduction in sodium acetate solution in 1,2-ethanediol. The particles were then functionalized with dodecylamine, dodecanethiol, and omega-mercapto-undecanoic acid (MUDA). Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) showed important variations(More)
A long-standing issue regarding the local and long-range structure of V(2)O(5)*nH(2)O xerogel has been successfully addressed. The full three-dimensional structure of the lamellar turbostratic V(2)O(5)*nH(2)O xerogel was determined by the atomic pair distribution function technique. We show that on the atomic scale the slabs of the xerogel can be described(More)
Author(s) of this paper may load this reprint on their own web site or institutional repository provided that this cover page is retained. Republication of this article or its storage in electronic databases other than as specified above is not permitted without prior permission in writing from the IUCr. Many research topics in condensed matter research,(More)
Evidence is presented that nanosized particles of crystals do not necessarily adopt a periodic atomic structure as their bulk counterparts do and/or as predicted by theory. As an example, 1.6-nm Au particles grown inside a dendrimeric host are studied and found to possess a heavily disordered, metallic glass-type structure. The nanoparticle's structure(More)
The ability to determine the atomic arrangement in nanoalloy catalysts and reveal the detailed structural features responsible for the catalytically active sites is essential for understanding the correlation between the atomic structure and catalytic properties, enabling the preparation of efficient nanoalloy catalysts by design. Herein we describe a study(More)
The formation of nanosized alloys between a pair of elements, which are largely immiscible in bulk, is examined in the archetypical case of Pt and Au. Element specific resonant high-energy X-ray diffraction experiments coupled to atomic pair distribution functions analysis and computer simulations prove the formation of Pt-Au alloys in particles less than(More)