Valentine Ragoussis

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A general and convenient synthesis of beta-ketols and alpha,beta-alkenones has been achieved by a Knoevenagel condensation of a beta-ketoacid with an aldehyde in aqueous medium. Saponification of a beta-ketoester by an aqueous KOH 10% solution gives the potassium salt of the beta-ketoacid, which is condensed in situ with an aldehyde at pH 7.8-8.0, at 60(More)
(+/-)-4-Methyloctanoic acid and its ethyl ester are aggregation pheromones of many rhinoceros beetles of the genus Oryctes and are investigated for the control of these pests by olfactory trapping. A simple, economical, and high-yield (>50%) synthesis of (+/-)-4-methyloctanoic acid and its ethyl ester is presented starting from n-hexanal. The key step in(More)
An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the olive fruit fly pheromone, Bactrocera oleae Gmelin, was developed. The assay uses polyclonal antibodies, raised in rabbits, against (+/-)-beta-[3-(1,7-dioxaspiro[5.5]undecane)]propionic acid, 2 (hapten I), conjugated to the KLH (keyhole limpet hemocyanin) by the carbodiimide method. A second hapten,(More)
A new rapid and low-cost preparation of the (3E,5Z)-3,5-alkadienyl system, encountered in several insect pheromone constituents, was developed. Knoevenagel condensation of (E)-2-alkenals with ethyl hydrogen malonate in dimethyl sulfoxide, in the presence of a catalytic amount of piperidinium acetate, led to a mixture of geometrical isomers of ethyl(More)
l,5,7-Trioxaspiro[5.5]undecane, an analog of the major sex pheromone (olean) of the olive fruit fly, was synthesized via two different routes and tested for biological activity under laboratory and field conditions. In laboratory tests, its activity was comparable to that of olean, especially when a stabilizer or a high concentration was used. In field(More)
An efficient six-step synthesis of (3E,7Z)-3,7-tetradecadienyl acetate, the major component of the sex pheromone of the potato pest Symmetrischema tangolias (Gyen), is described, starting from the commercially available dihydropyran. The stereoselective formation of the 7Z double bond is accomplished by a Wittig reaction, while the 3E double bond is formed(More)
The olive fruit fly pheromone avidin-biotin ELISA immunoassay, based on the use of polyclonal G antibodies derived from rabbits (reported previously) and a newer assay, based on the use of polyclonal Y antibodies isolated from the eggs of laying hens (reported in this paper), were applied successfully for the analysis of natural pheromone in virgin adult(More)
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