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The adverse biological effects of continuous exposure to cobalt and chromium have been well defined. In the past, this toxicity was largely an industrial issue concerning workers exposed in occupational setting. Nevertheless, recent reports have described a specific toxicity mediated by the high levels of cobalt and chromium released by metallic prostheses,(More)
Mitochondrial diseases (MD) are disorders caused by an impairment of the mitochondrial respiratory chain function. They are usually progressive, isolated or multi-system diseases and have variable times of onset. Because mitochondria have their own DNA (mtDNA), MD can be caused by mutations in both mtDNA and nuclear DNA (nDNA). The complexity of genetic(More)
Mitochondria are implicated in several metabolic pathways including cell respiratory processes, apoptosis, and free radical production. Mitochondrial abnormalities have been documented in neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, and Huntington’s diseases, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Several studies have demonstrated that(More)
Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy (MNGIE) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the gene encoding thymidine phosphorylase (TP). Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has been proposed as a treatment for patients with MNGIE and a standardized approach to HSCT in this condition has recently been(More)
We describe a case of an adult male patient with progressive external ophthalmoplegia and upper limb weakness, who presented with an episode of sudden respiratory failure. Muscle biopsy showed ragged-red and COX-negative fibers associated with discrete inflammatory infiltrates and necrotizing features. Apart from artificial ventilator support, he was(More)
Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy (MNGIE) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the gene encoding thymidine phosphorylase and is characterized by external ophthalmoparesis, gastrointestinal dysmotility, leukoencephalopathy, and neuropathy. The availability of new therapeutic options (peritoneal dialysis, allogeneic(More)
BACKGROUND Paraproteinemic neuropathy (PPN) is often under-diagnosed because of its clinical and electrophysiological variability. Progression of neuropathy is considered an alarm bell for possible malignant conversion of underlying monoclonal gammopathy (MG). OBJECTIVE To report clinical presentation, course, and evolution in a group of patients with PPN(More)
Glycogenosis II (GSD II) is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder resulting from acid alpha-glucosidase deficiency, subsequent accumulation of glycogen in tissues, impairment of autophagic processes and progressive cardiac, motor and respiratory failure. The late-onset form is characterized by wide variability in residual enzyme activity, age of(More)
UNLABELLED The limb-girdle muscular dystrophies are a genetically and clinically heterogeneous group of diseases. Most of these proteinopathies show wide inter- and intrafamilial phenotypic heterogeneity, so that limb-girdle involvement may be often considered as one of the possible clinical expressions of a determined protein defect. REVIEW SUMMARY This(More)