Valentina Vielmi

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Mitochondria are implicated in several metabolic pathways including cell respiratory processes, apoptosis, and free radical production. Mitochondrial abnormalities have been documented in neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and Huntington's diseases, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Several studies have demonstrated that(More)
Glycogenosis II (GSD II) is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder resulting from acid alpha-glucosidase deficiency, subsequent accumulation of glycogen in tissues, impairment of autophagic processes and progressive cardiac, motor and respiratory failure. The late-onset form is characterized by wide variability in residual enzyme activity, age of(More)
BACKGROUND Paraproteinemic neuropathy (PPN) is often under-diagnosed because of its clinical and electrophysiological variability. Progression of neuropathy is considered an alarm bell for possible malignant conversion of underlying monoclonal gammopathy (MG). OBJECTIVE To report clinical presentation, course, and evolution in a group of patients with PPN(More)
Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy (MNGIE) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the gene encoding thymidine phosphorylase (TP). Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has been proposed as a treatment for patients with MNGIE and a standardized approach to HSCT in this condition has recently been(More)
UNLABELLED The limb-girdle muscular dystrophies are a genetically and clinically heterogeneous group of diseases. Most of these proteinopathies show wide inter- and intrafamilial phenotypic heterogeneity, so that limb-girdle involvement may be often considered as one of the possible clinical expressions of a determined protein defect. REVIEW SUMMARY This(More)
We describe a case of an adult male patient with progressive external ophthalmoplegia and upper limb weakness, who presented with an episode of sudden respiratory failure. Muscle biopsy showed ragged-red and COX-negative fibers associated with discrete inflammatory infiltrates and necrotizing features. Apart from artificial ventilator support, he was(More)
Multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MADD) is a rare autosomal recessively inherited disorder of fatty acid metabolism due to ETFA, ETFB or ETFDH mutations. Riboflavin treatment ameliorates symptoms and metabolic profile in ETFDH-related MADD patients. We report on a 20-year-old boy with an 8-year history of progressive difficulty in walking, running(More)
Here we describe the imaging findings in a 73-year-old woman who had pain in the right inguinal region, followed by progressive weakness of muscles innervated by the right femoral and obturator nerves, diagnosed as nondiabetic lumbosacral radiculoplexus neuropathy. Magnetic resonance neurography showed thickening and increase in signal intensity of the(More)
Chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia is a mitochondrial disorder usually caused by single or multiple mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletions and, more rarely, by maternally inherited mtDNA point mutations, most frequently in tRNA genes (MTT). We report on a patient presenting with a progressive eyelid ptosis with bilateral ophthalmoparesis, dysphagia,(More)