Valentina Valmacco

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Forces between negatively charged silica particles in aqueous electrolyte solutions were measured with the colloidal probe technique based on the atomic force microscope (AFM). The present study focuses on the comparison of monovalent and multivalent counterions, namely K(+), Mg(2+), and La(3+). The force profiles can be well described with the theory of(More)
We compare the recent experimentally measured forces between charged colloidal particles, as well as their effective surface potentials (surface charge) in the presence of multivalent counterions in a bathing monovalent salt solution, with the predictions of the dressed ion theory of strongly charged colloidal systems. The benchmark for comparison is(More)
Direct force measurements between negatively charged silica particles in the presence of a like-charged strong polyelectrolyte were carried out with an atomic force microscope. The force profiles can be quantitatively interpreted as a superposition of depletion and double-layer forces. The depletion forces are modeled with a damped oscillatory profile,(More)
Direct force measurements between silica particles were carried out using the colloidal probe technique, which is based on an atomic force microscope (AFM). The forces were investigated in aqueous solutions of ionic liquids (ILs) containing 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium (BMIM) cations and chloride, dicyanamide, and thiocyanate as anions up to concentrations(More)
Forces between charged silica particles in solutions of multivalent coions are measured with colloidal probe technique based on atomic force microscopy. The concentration of 1 : z electrolytes is systematically varied to understand the behavior of electrostatic interactions and double-layer properties in these systems. Although the coions are multivalent(More)
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