Valentina Stosor

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BACKGROUND There are few data on the epidemiology and outcomes of influenza infection in recipients of solid-organ transplants. We aimed to establish the outcomes of pandemic influenza A H1N1 and factors leading to severe disease in a cohort of patients who had received transplants. METHODS We did a multicentre cohort study of adults and children who had(More)
The emergence of resistance in gram-positive bacteria has necessitated a search for new antimicrobial agents. Linezolid is an oxazolidinone, a new class of antibacterial agents with enhanced activity against pathogens. We compared the activity of linezolid to those of other antimicrobial agents against 3,945 clinical isolates. Linezolid demonstrated potent(More)
BACKGROUND Enterococcus faecium has received increased attention, primarily due to the emergence of vancomycin resistance. The purpose of this investigation was to study the epidemiological characteristics of vancomycin-resistant E faecium (VRE) bacteremia and to determine the clinical impact of vancomycin resistance on the outcome of patients with this(More)
We developed a simplified assay for estimating efflux by measuring the effect of reserpine on the growth of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus over 7 h. Reserpine enhanced ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin 17 to 68%. The hydrophobic drug trovafloxacin and the drug moxifloxacin, with a bulky C-7 substituent but hydrophilicity similar to that of(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a controversial indication for liver transplantation (LT) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients because of reportedly poor outcomes. This prospective, multicenter US cohort study compared patient and graft survival for 89 HCV/HIV-coinfected patients and 2 control groups: 235 HCV-monoinfected LT controls and all(More)
Summary:Voriconazole, a new antifungal agent, is increasingly being used after HSCT. The hepatic cytochrome P450 isoenzyme 2C19 plays a significant role in voriconazole metabolism. As CYP2C19 exhibits significant genetic polymorphism, some patients metabolize voriconazole poorly resulting in increased plasma drug levels. The clinical significance of this is(More)
Rapidly growing nontuberculous mycobacteria (RGMs) are responsible for a variety of clinical syndromes in humans including catheter-related blood stream infections (CRBSIs). Recently, we identified a cluster of RGM-associated CRBSI at our institution. We describe the epidemiologic and clinical patterns associated with these infections. We conducted a(More)
Shigella sonnei bacteremia in adult patients is rare. We present 2 cases from our center, and 7 others from the literature are reviewed in detail. Diabetes mellitus and malignancy are frequent predisposing conditions. Despite severe illness at presentation, our patients achieved good outcomes with prompt initiation of antimicrobial therapy.
OBJECTIVE To determine the recovery of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) on fingertips, gloved fingertips, and environmental surfaces commonly encountered in the healthcare setting, and to examine the importance of handwashing on the removal of these organisms. DESIGN Two clinical isolates of VRE (Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium) were(More)
BACKGROUND We describe an immune reconstitution syndrome (IRS)-like entity in the course of evolution of Cryptococcus neoformans infection in organ transplant recipients. METHODS The study population comprised a cohort of 83 consecutive organ transplant recipients with cryptococcosis who were observed for a median of 2 years in an international,(More)