Valentina Rosu

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Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis is a zoonotic pathogen whose association with Crohn's disease in humans is under scrutiny. The objective of this work was to investigate its association with other chronic diseases such as type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), where the involvement of a persistent pathogen such as M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis could(More)
BACKGROUND The diagnosis of smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is problematic. There are limited data on the profile of alveolar TB antigen-specific T cells, and their utility for the rapid immunodiagnosis of pulmonary TB is unclear. METHODS Antigen-specific interferon gamma (IFNgamma) responses to the RD-1 antigens ESAT-6 and CFP-10 (T-SPOT.TB(More)
BACKGROUND The etiology of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is still unknown; numerous studies are performed to unravel the environmental factors involved in triggering the disease. SLC11A1 is a membrane transporter that is expressed in late endosomes of antigen presenting cells involved in the immunopathogenic events leading to T1DM. Mycobacterium avium(More)
The 5'-untranslated region (5'UTR) of the fliC flagellin gene of Salmonella contains sequences critical for efficient fliC mRNA translation coupled to assembly. In a previous study we used targeted mutagenesis of the 5' end of the fliC gene to isolate single base changes defective in fliC gene translation. This identified a predicted stem-loop structure,(More)
Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (Map) is the causative agent of Johne's disease, a chronic inflammation of ruminants' intestine. Recent studies have linked Map to type I Diabetes mellitus (T1DM). We searched the presence of antibodies against two specific proteins of Map (MptD and MAP3738c) in sera of patients affected by T1DM and type II(More)
BACKGROUND Salmonella enterica serotype Gallinarum (S. Gallinarum) remains an important pathogen of poultry, especially in developing countries. There is a need to develop effective and safe vaccines. In the current study, the effect of crp deletion was investigated with respect to virulence and biochemical properties and the possible use of a deletion(More)
Methods to improve the ELISA test to detect Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis have been explored over several years. Previously, selected recombinant proteins of M. avium subspecies paratuberculosis were found to be immunogenic in cattle with Johne's disease. In the present study, antibody responses of infected and healthy sheep were evaluated(More)
Mycobacteria have always proven difficult to identify due to their low growth rate and fastidious nature. Therefore molecular biology and more recently nanotechnology, have been exploited from early on for the detection of these pathogens. Here we present the first stage of development of an assay incorporating cadmium selenide quantum dots (QDs) for the(More)
Recent studies have identified in Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP), already known as a pathogen in ruminants, a potential zoonotic agent of some autoimmune diseases in humans. Therefore, considering the possible risk for public health, it is necessary a thorough understanding of MAP's gene expression during infection of human host as well(More)