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The 5'-untranslated region (5'UTR) of the fliC flagellin gene of Salmonella contains sequences critical for efficient fliC mRNA translation coupled to assembly. In a previous study we used targeted mutagenesis of the 5' end of the fliC gene to isolate single base changes defective in fliC gene translation. This identified a predicted stem-loop structure,(More)
BACKGROUND Salmonella enterica serotype Gallinarum (S. Gallinarum) remains an important pathogen of poultry, especially in developing countries. There is a need to develop effective and safe vaccines. In the current study, the effect of crp deletion was investigated with respect to virulence and biochemical properties and the possible use of a deletion(More)
Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis is a zoonotic pathogen whose association with Crohn's disease in humans is under scrutiny. The objective of this work was to investigate its association with other chronic diseases such as type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), where the involvement of a persistent pathogen such as M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis could(More)
BACKGROUND The etiology of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is still unknown; numerous studies are performed to unravel the environmental factors involved in triggering the disease. SLC11A1 is a membrane transporter that is expressed in late endosomes of antigen presenting cells involved in the immunopathogenic events leading to T1DM. Mycobacterium avium(More)
BACKGROUND Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) is a versatile pathogen with a broad host range. Its association with type-1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) has been recently proposed. Rapid identification of infectious agents such as MAP in diabetic patients at the level of clinics might be helpful in deciphering the role of chronic bacterial(More)
The FlgM anti-sigma28 factor is secreted in response to flagellar hook-basal body completion to allow sigma28-dependent transcription of genes needed late in flagellar assembly, such as the flagellin structural gene, fliC. A long-standing hypothesis was that one role of FlgM secretion was to allow rapid expression of flagellin in response to shearing. We(More)
This study evaluated the possibility to use six phages specific to the Mycobacterium tuberculosis lipoarabinomannan (LAM) as tools for tubercular serodiagnosis. We analysed sera samples from 30 subjects with active tuberculosis (TB+), 30 with latent tubercular infection (LTBI) and 60 healthy subjects as controls (K). Our data indicated a good antibody(More)
BACKGROUND The diagnosis of smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is problematic. There are limited data on the profile of alveolar TB antigen-specific T cells, and their utility for the rapid immunodiagnosis of pulmonary TB is unclear. METHODS Antigen-specific interferon gamma (IFNgamma) responses to the RD-1 antigens ESAT-6 and CFP-10 (T-SPOT.TB(More)
Several studies regarding the transcriptome of Mycobacterium tuberculosis following the exposure to various in vitro simulated phagosomal stressors, have already tried to elucidate the bacterium behavior during the intracellular infection. An in vitro acid-nitrosative multi-stress was carried out for M. tuberculosis H37Rv and Mycobacterium smegmatis(More)