Valentina Rassadina

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The esterification kinetics of chlorophyllide, obtained by a single flash of light, were investigated in etiolated barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and oat (Avena sativa L.) leaves. A rapid phase, leading to esterification of 15% of total chlorophyllide within 15–30 s, was followed by a lag-phase of nearly 2 min and a subsequent main phase, leading to(More)
Weak magnetic and electromagnetic fields can influence physiological processes in animals, plants and microorganisms, but the underlying way of perception is poorly understood. The ion cyclotron resonance is one of the discussed mechanisms, predicting biological effects for definite frequencies and intensities of electromagnetic fields possibly by affecting(More)
The electron-microscopic analysis of extranuclear variegated forms of sunflower demonstrated that plastids from white leaf areas are practically devoid of inner membrane structures. The mutants and the initial (wild-type) green line were compared by the contents of chlorophyll (Chl), carotenoids, and 70S ribosomes and by the activity of Rubisco. A mutant(More)
The plants were grown until an age of seven days in the dark or at a 14-h photoperiod (luminescent lamps LB–40, 11 W/m 2 ) at 22 ± 2°ë . Greening of etiolated seedlings was performed under continuous illumination at 11 W/m 2 . Etiolated leaves were illuminated with an electronic photoflash (120 J, 2 ms) to stimulate the photoinduced conversion of(More)
The reaction of recombinant chlorophyll synthase from Avena sativa, expressed in Escherichia coli, was investigated. To verify the identity of the recombinant and native enzymes, reaction rates were determined for both enzyme preparations with several chlorophyllide analogs. The rates of esterification of these modified substrates ranged from 0 to 100% of(More)
BACKGROUND The effects of weak magnetic and electromagnetic fields in biology have been intensively studied on animals, microorganisms and humans, but comparably less on plants. Perception mechanisms were attributed originally to ferrimagnetism, but later discoveries required additional explanations like the "radical pair mechanism" and the "Ion cyclotron(More)
The method of spectrophotometric measurement of carotenoid and chlorophyll content in extracts from plant seeds was modified. The pigments were extracted with a mixture of petroleum ether (PE) and tetrahydrofuran (THF) (PE to THF ratio 4: 1). Equations for calculations of β-carotene, lutein, chlorophyll a and b content in PE: THF mixture were obtained using(More)
The biosynthesis of heme, a plant tetrapyrrole, was studied in the leaves of a chlorophyll-deficient plastome mutant of the sunflower (Helianthus annuus L, line 2-24, albina form). In the light, the content of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) in white mutant leaves was, on the average, ten times less than in that of the wild-type form (line 3629). Chlorophyll(More)
It was demonstrated that, in the phenotypically colorless leaves of a sunflower (Helianthus annuusL.) plastome mutant with a heavily reduced level of chlorophyll, all pigment–protein complexes of the photosynthetic apparatus typical for the wild type were present. However, the ratio between them was changed. During aging of the mutant leaves,(More)
Low temperature fluorescence spectra (FS) and fluorescence excitation spectra (FES) of protoporphyrin IX (Proto), Mg-protoporphyrin IX and its monomethyl ester (MgProto-ME) and protochlorophyllide (Pchlide) in etiolated barley leaves treated with 5-aminolevulinic acid and/or 2,2'-dipyridyl were studied. The spectra of Proto and MgProto-ME showed a little(More)