Valentina Onnis

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A series of 3,5-diaryl-4,5-dihydropyrazole regioisomers, and their 1-acetylated derivatives, bearing a 3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl moiety combined with a variety of substituted phenyl rings, was synthesized and evaluated for antitumor activity. Results of the in vitro assay against a non-small cell lung carcinoma cell line (NCI-H460) showed several compounds to(More)
Inhibitors of the metabolism of the endogenous cannabinoid ligand anandamide by fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) reduce the gastric damage produced by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents and synergise with them in experimental pain models. This motivates the design of compounds with joint FAAH/cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitory activity. Here we present(More)
Although the dominant approach to drug development is the design of compounds selective for a given target, compounds targeting more than one biological process may have superior efficacy, or alternatively a better safety profile than standard selective compounds. Here, this possibility has been explored with respect to the endocannabinoid system and pain.(More)
A new series of 2-amino-6-(2-alkyl or arylidenehydrazinyl)-4-(dialkylamino)pyrimidine-5-carbonitriles, 5-24, were synthesized in satisfactory overall yield, using 2-amino-4-(dialkylamino)-6-hydrazino-5-pyrimidinecarbonitriles 3, 4, as key intermediates, by applying classical synthetic methods to construct the hydrazone moiety at C-6 of the pyrimidine ring.(More)
The N-(2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-4-yl)anthranilic acid 6 and a series of its ester and amide derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for their in vitro cytotoxic activity against human cancer cells. Ester derivatives 13 and 18 exhibited potent growth inhibitory activity with GI(50) values at nanomolar concentrations. Among amide derivatives,(More)
A new series of S-alkylisothiosemicarbazones of 3- and 4-pyridincarboxaldehyde and 4-fluoro- and 4-trifluoromethylbenzaldehyde was synthesized and evaluated for biological activity against various Mycobacterium strains. Inhibitory activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv ATCC 27294 and INH-R ATCC 35822 was compared with activity against clinical(More)
The complexation of VO(2+) ion by ten acetamidrazone and 2-phenylacetamidrazone derivatives (L) was studied. Sixteen novel VO(2+) complexes were synthesised and characterised through the combined application of analytical and spectroscopic (EPR (electron paramagnetic resonance), FT-IR and diffuse reflectance electronic absorption) techniques. Eight are 1:2(More)
BACKGROUND The reverse transcriptase (RT) of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is an attractive target for the development of drugs used in the treatment of HIV-1 infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). We have continued the search for novel anti-HIV-1 agents using the structure-activity relationships of the successful(More)
We have designed, synthesized, and evaluated as potential antitumor agents a series of 2-hydroxybenzylidene derivatives of the N-(2-trifluoromethylpiridyn-4-yl)anthranilic acid hydrazide, and some analogues bearing a (2-trifluoromethyl)piridyn-4-ylamino group in 3- or 4-position of benzohydrazide or 4-position of phenylacetohydrazide. Compounds 12e, 13e,(More)
There is evidence in the literature that the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs indomethacin and ibuprofen can interact with the cannabinoid system both in vitro and in vivo. In the present study, a series of analogues of ibuprofen and indomethacin have been investigated with respect to their ability to inhibit fatty acid amide hydrolase, the enzyme(More)