Valentina Nardi

Learn More
Osteoblasts and endothelium constitute functional niches that support haematopoietic stem cells in mammalian bone marrow. Adult bone marrow also contains adipocytes, the number of which correlates inversely with the haematopoietic activity of the marrow. Fatty infiltration of haematopoietic red marrow follows irradiation or chemotherapy and is a diagnostic(More)
Genes encoding components of the PI3K-AKT-mTOR signaling axis are frequently mutated in cancer, but few mutations have been characterized in MTOR, the gene encoding the mTOR kinase. Using publicly available tumor genome sequencing data, we generated a comprehensive catalog of mTOR pathway mutations in cancer, identifying 33 MTOR mutations that confer(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Aside from bone marrow transplantation, a definitive cure for Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome-positive chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) has yet to be developed. Although Imatinib, the first molecularly targeted drug developed for CML has achieved a remarkable success, the emergence of resistance to this agent mitigates the prospect of a cure(More)
BACKGROUND Conflicting data exist regarding the prognostic impact of the isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) mutation in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC), and limited data exist in patients with advanced-stage disease. Similarly, the clinical phenotype of patients with advanced IDH mutant (IDHm) ICC has not been characterized. In this study, we report the(More)
PURPOSE Characterization of an approach to identify leukemia neoantigens arising in the context of drug resistance. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We assessed whether leukemia neoantigens could be generated from drug-resistant mutations in BCR-ABL after imatinib relapse in patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). RESULTS We computationally predicted that(More)
PURPOSE Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is an aggressive cutaneous neuroendocrine tumor, often metastatic at presentation, for which current chemotherapeutic regimens are largely ineffective. As its pathogenesis is still unknown, we hypothesized that deregulation of signaling pathways commonly activated in cancer may contribute to MCC tumorigenesis and may(More)
Mutation in the ABL kinase domain is the principal mechanism of imatinib resistance in patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia. Many mutations favor active kinase conformations that preclude imatinib binding. Because the active forms of ABL and SRC resemble one another, we tested two dual SRC-ABL kinase inhibitors, AP23464 and PD166326, against 58(More)
Studies in myeloid neoplasms have described recurrent IDH1 and IDH2 mutations as primarily mutually exclusive. Over a 6-month period of clinical testing with a targeted next-generation sequencing assay, we evaluated 92 patients with acute myeloid leukemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, and chronic myelomonocytic leukemia and identified a subset of 21 patients(More)
Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is constitutively activated and tyrosine phosphorylated in BCR/ABL-transformed hematopoietic cells, but the role it plays during leukemogenesis remains unclear. Here, we examined the effects of RNA interference-mediated FAK silencing on leukemogenesis induced by a BCR/ABL-transformed cell line. Transduction of BCR/ABL-BaF3 cells(More)
UNLABELLED B-cell lymphomas frequently contain genomic rearrangements that lead to oncogene activation by heterologous distal regulatory elements. We used a novel approach called "pinpointing enhancer-associated rearrangements by chromatin immunoprecipitation," or PEAR-ChIP, to simultaneously map enhancer activity and proximal rearrangements in lymphoma(More)