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Dyskinesias are involuntary muscle movements that occur spontaneously in Huntington's disease (HD) and after long-term treatments for Parkinson's disease (levodopa-induced dyskinesia; LID) or for schizophrenia (tardive dyskinesia, TD). Previous studies suggested that dyskinesias in these three conditions originate from different neuronal pathways that(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a serious, incurable neurological disease. In 2009, the ANZgene studies detected the suggestive association of located upstream of CD40 gene in chromosome 20q13 (p = 1.3×10(-7)). Identification of the causal variant(s) in the CD40 locus leads to a better understanding of the mechanism underlying the development of autoimmune(More)
Gut microbiota of patients with Parkinson’s disease and healthy volunteers was analyzed by the method of high throughput 16S rRNA sequencing of bacterial genomes. In patients with Parkinson’s diseases, changes in the content of 9 genera and 15 species of microorganisms were revealed: reduced content of Dorea, Bacteroides, Prevotella, Faecalibacterium,(More)
A method for quantitative evaluation of the results of postural tests is proposed. The method is based on contact-free measurements of 3D coordinates of body point movements. The result can serve as an integral test based on the Mahalanobis distance.
Disease-modifying drugs (DMD) are currently used in the treatment of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) in accordance with therapeutic standards, with the aim of decreasing the risk of developing exacerbations and thus reducing the rate of development of disability. However, the use of first-line substances is not successful in all cases. Second-line(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the neuropsychological status of patients and their P300 cognitive evoked potentials and to attempt to evaluate the clinical significance of cerebral atrophy in multiple sclerosis (MS). Neuropsychological studies were performed in 109 patients with MS. Cognitive functions were evaluated using the mini-mental state(More)
A replicative association analysis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) was carried out for 15 genetic markers that have been associated with cognitive disorders in genome-wide association studies. In the Russian population, AD was associated with CSMD1 rs2616984 (OR = 1.50, 95% CI 1.07–2.09, p-value = 0.018) and, potentially, with NOTCH4 rs313296 (OR = 1.53, 95% CI(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease of CNS characterized by myelin destruction and axonal damage. An aim of the study was to analyze the results of neuropsychological tests, cognitive evoked potentials P300 and to evaluate a role of brain atrophy in MS. Neurocognitive functions have been studied in 109 patients with MS. To study cognitive(More)