Learn More
CONTEXT The American Heart Association Nutrition Committee recommends women and men consume no more than 100 and 150 kcal of added sugar per day, respectively, whereas the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010, suggests a maximal added sugar intake of 25% or less of total energy. OBJECTIVE To address this discrepancy, we compared the effects of consuming(More)
UNLABELLED We tested the hypothesis that the pathogenesis of alcoholic liver injury is mediated by epigenetic changes in regulatory genes that result from the induction of aberrant methionine metabolism by ethanol feeding. Five-month-old cystathionine beta synthase heterozygous and wild-type C57BL/6J littermate mice were fed liquid control or ethanol diets(More)
BACKGROUND S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM) is the methyl donor for all methylation reactions and regulates the synthesis of glutathione, the main cellular antioxidant. Previous experimental studies suggested that SAM may benefit patients with established alcoholic liver diseases (ALDs). The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of SAM in treatment(More)
Accumulation of fluid as ascites is the most common complication of cirrhosis. This is occurring in about 50% of patients within 10 years of the diagnosis of cirrhosis. It is a prognostic sign with 1-year and 5-year survival of 85% and 56%, respectively. The most acceptable theory for ascites formation is peripheral arterial vasodilation leading to(More)
The first gene associated with Crohn disease (CD) has been identified as CARD15 (16q12). Three variants, R702W, G908R and 1007fsinsC are strongly and independently associated with the disease. A second gene, conveying a smaller risk for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), has been identified as DLG5 (10q23). We assess the frequency of the CARD15 SNPs and of(More)
Synaptosomal associated protein of 25 kDa (SNAP-25) is a SNARE component of the exocytotic apparatus involved in the release of neurotransmitter. We used multiple-labeling immunofluorescence, confocal microscopy, and ultrastructural immunocytochemistry to examine the expression of SNAP-25 in excitatory and inhibitory terminals from different rat and human(More)
Aquaporin-4 (AQP4), the prominent water channel in the brain, is particularly concentrated in astrocytic endfeet membranes lining the capillaries and the pia. This localisation pattern makes it well suited to regulate the flow of water and the homeostasis of the interstitial fluid surrounding the neurons. Using immunocytochemical and Western blot(More)
Emerging evidence indicates that ethanol-induced alterations in hepatic methionine metabolism play a central role in the pathogenesis of alcoholic liver disease (ALD). Because malnutrition is a universal clinical finding in this disease and hepatic methionine metabolism is dependent upon dietary folate and vitamins B-6 and B-12, ALD can be considered an(More)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of chronic, lifelong, and relapsing illnesses, such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, which involve the gastrointestinal tract. There is no cure for these diseases, but combined pharmacological and nutritional therapy can induce remission and maintain clinical remission. Malnutrition and nutritional(More)
BACKGROUND Cyclic administration of rifaximin in association with dietary fibre achieves symptomatic relief in uncomplicated diverticular disease (DD) by means of a still undefined mechanism. AIM To investigate the effects of a combination of rifaximin and fibre on both hydrogen production by intestinal microflora and oro-anal transit time. METHODS In a(More)