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Radiofrequency ablation (RFA), a minimally invasive surgical procedure has an increasing application in the surgical treatment of tumors. Data indicate that RFA might stimulate anti-cancer immunity possibly through the induction of necrosis and heat shock proteins (HSP) expression. This study tests a hypothesis that RFA leads to bidirectional(More)
Serine proteinases secreted by adult Trichinella spiralis were isolated from excretory/secretory products (ES) of in-vitro-cultured parasites by affinity chromatography with p-benzamidine-celite. The purified enzymes had molecular weights of approximately 18, 40, and 50 kDa and displayed enzyme activity against a range of low-molecular-weight substrates,(More)
OBJECTIVE This study evaluated the effects of supplemental oral glutamine (GLN) on acute cardiotoxicity of cyclophosphamide (CPA) in experimental rats. The dose-related cardiotoxicity of CPA is associated with a rapid decrease in cardiac glutathione (GSH) and oxidative cardiac injury. GLN is a rate-limiting precursor for GSH synthesis during periods of(More)
Doxorubicin (DOX), a widely used anticancer drug, has a dose-dependent cardiotoxicity, attributed mainly to free radical formation. The cardiomyocyte oxidative stress occurs rapidly after DOX treatment, resulting in harmful modifications to proteins, lipids, and DNA. Previous data showed that oral l-glutamine (Gln) prevented cardiac lipid peroxidation and(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM It has been reported that continuous low-dose (metronomic) administration of cytotoxic drugs may be better tolerated and may have greater antitumor effects than a single high-dose chemotherapy. The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy and cardiotoxicity of metronomic administration of two of the most commonly used anticancer agents,(More)
AIMS Doxorubicin (DOX), a widely used anticancer agent, can cause an unpredictable cardiac toxicity which remains a major limitation in cancer chemotherapy. There is a need for noninvasive, sensitive and specific biomarkers which will allow identifying patients at risk for DOX-induced cardiotoxicity to prevent permanent cardiac damage. The aim of this study(More)
PURPOSE Modulation of estrogen receptor (ER) plays a central role in selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) molecular mechanism of action, although studies have indicated that additional, non-ER-mediated mechanisms exist. It has been suggested that the induction of oxidative stress by SERM could be one of the non-ER-mediated mechanisms held(More)
Excretory/secretory products (ES), collected from in vitro cultures of muscle larvae (L1) of Trichinella spiralis (Owen, 1835) were examined for the presence of proteolytic enzymes. Several discrete proteinases in the size range of 25-55 kDa were identified by substrate gel electrophoresis and were characterised according to pH optima, substrate specificity(More)
The etiology of oral squamous cell carcinoma has been linked to environmental carcinogens, such as activated aromatic heterocyclic radicals and epoxides. Our previous work on implantable and 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)-induced breast cancer showed that oral glutamine (GLN) inhibited tumor growth possibly through stimulation of host - and selective(More)
Glutamine (GLN) is a non-essential amino acid that is present in nearly every biochemical pathway and is the major intraorgan nitrogen carrier. GLN via glutamate, is one of the precursors for the synthesis of glutathione (GSH), the major endogenous antioxidant in mammalian cells, which protects them from oxidative injury and cell death. Cancer cells have(More)