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Programming has recently become more common among ordinary end users of computer systems. We believe that these end-user programmers are not just coders but also designers, in that they interlace making design decisions with coding rather than treating them as two separate phases. To better understand and provide support for the programming and design needs(More)
Recent research has begun to report that female end-user programmers are often more reluctant than males to employ features that are useful for testing and debugging. These earlier findings suggest that, unless such features can be changed in some appropriate way, there are likely to be important gender differences in end-user programmerspsila benefits from(More)
Although there has been significant research into gender regarding educational and workplace practices, there has been little investigation of gender differences pertaining to problem solving with programming tools and environments. As a result, there is little evidence as to what role gender plays in programming tools---and what little evidence there is(More)
We are investigating gender HCI issues in problem-solving software, using quantitative and qualitative empirical methods. Our research approach uses formative work to understand the existence and attributes of gender-relevant design features, based on which we then design and implement new features in our research prototype. Finally, we perform summative(More)
In this paper, we describe research that reports gender differences in usage of software engineering tools by end-user programmers. We connect these findings with possible explanations based on theories from other disciplines, and then add to that our recent results that these differences go deeper than software engineering tool usage to software(More)
Little is known about the strategies end-user programmers use in debugging their programs, and even less is known about gender differences that may exist in these strategies. Without this type of information, designers of end-user programming systems cannot know the "target" at which to aim, if they are to support male and female end-user programmers. We(More)
Despite decades of research into how professional programmers debug, only recently has work emerged about how end-user programmers attempt to debug programs. Without this knowledge, we cannot build tools to adequately support their needs. This article reports the results of a detailed qualitative empirical study of end-user programmers' sensemaking about a(More)
We have been working to uncover gender differences in the ways males and females problem solve in end-user programming situations, and have discovered differences in males' versus females' use of several debugging features. Still, because this line of investigation is new, knowing exactly what to look for is difficult and important information could escape(More)
Can we learn about users' problem-solving strategies by observing their actions? This article introduces a data mining system that extracts complex behavioral patterns from logged user actions to discover users' high-level strategies. Our application domain is an HCI study aimed at revealing users' strategies in an end-user debugging task and(More)