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OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to analyze the long-term follow-up of dilated cardiolaminopathies. BACKGROUND Lamin A/C (LMNA) gene mutations cause a variety of phenotypes. In the cardiology setting, patients diagnosed with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) plus atrioventricular block (AVB) constitute the majority of reported cases. METHODS(More)
Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤35% is a major determinant for implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy for primary prevention of sudden death (SD) in patients with non-ischaemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). However, as a risk marker for SD, low LVEF has limited sensibility and specificity. Selecting patients according to the current(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to describe the diagnostic work-up, phenotype, and long-term evolution of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) associated with Dystrophin (DYS) defects. BACKGROUND X-linked DCM associated with DYS defects can be clinically indistinguishable from other types of DCM. METHODS The series comprises 436 consecutive male patients diagnosed with(More)
OBJECTIVES The authors sought to investigate the gene and protein expression in Lamin A/C (LMNA)-mutated dilated cardiolaminopathy (DCM) patients (DCM(LMNAMut)) versus LMNA-wild-type DCM (DCM(LMNAWT)), and normal controls (CTRL(LMNAWT)). BACKGROUND Dilated cardiolaminopathies are clinically characterized by high arrhythmogenic risk and caused by LMNA(More)
The gold standard for the study of the macro-anatomy of the aortic root are multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Both technologies have major advantages and limitations. Although 4D echo is entering the study of the aortic root, 2D echo is the most commonly used diagnostic tool in daily practice. We designed and(More)
Left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) describes a ventricular wall anatomy characterized by prominent left ventricular (LV) trabeculae, a thin compacted layer, and deep intertrabecular recesses. Individual variability is extreme, and trabeculae represent a sort of individual "cardioprinting." By itself, the diagnosis of LVNC does not coincide with that of a(More)
BACKGROUND The major clinical problem of Marfan syndrome (MFS) is the aortic root aneurysm, with risk of dissection when the root diameter approximates 5 cm. In MFS, a key molecule, transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), normally bound to the extracellular matrix, is free and activated. In an experimental setting, TGF-beta blockade prevents the aortic(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the prevalence and phenotype of smooth muscle alpha-actin (ACTA2) mutations in non-syndromic thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissections (TAAD). DESIGN Observational study of ACTA2 mutations in TAAD. SETTING Centre for Inherited Cardiovascular Diseases. PATIENTS A consecutive series of 100 patients with TAAD. Exclusion criteria(More)
Most cardiomyopathies are familial diseases. Cascade family screening identifies asymptomatic patients and family members with early traits of disease. The inheritance is autosomal dominant in a majority of cases, and recessive, X-linked, or matrilinear in the remaining. For the last 50 years, cardiomyopathy classifications have been based on the(More)