Valentina Fabbroni

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PURPOSE Activity of histidine decarboxylase, the key enzyme in the synthesis of histamine, has been shown to be increased in several types of human tumors. We attempted to establish whether the possible involvement of histidine decarboxylase and histamine in colorectal carcinogenesis might be mediated by the activation of the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)(More)
PURPOSE Up-regulation of both inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) enzymes has been reported in colorectal cancer. We aimed at evaluating the possible interaction between the nitric oxide and COX-2 pathways, and its effect on promoting tumor angiogenesis. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Expression of iNOS, COX-2, vascular endothelial(More)
Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 and 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) are key enzymes involved in arachidonic acid metabolism. Their products, prostaglandins and leukotrienes, are involved in colorectal tumor development. We aimed at evaluating whether combined blocking of the COX-2 and 5-LOX pathways might have additive antitumor effects in colorectal cancer. The(More)
Expression of multiple drug resistant (MDR) phenotype and over-expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in the human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell clone P1(0.5), derived from the PLC/PRF/5 cell line (P5), are associated with strong resistance to oxidative stress and a significant (p < 0.01) increase in intracellular vitamin E content as compared with the(More)
Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) causes injury of the esophageal squamous epithelium, a condition called reflux esophagitis. The sequence reflux-esophagitis-intestinal metaplasia-dysplasia-invasive cancer is widely accepted as the main adenocarcinogenetic pathway in the esophagus; however, the mechanisms of this progression need to be better defined. We(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatocarcinoma is one of the most common malignant tumours world-wide with poor prognosis. Treatment of locally advanced hepatocarcinoma is still controversial. Transcatheter arterial (chemo-)embolisation of hepatocarcinoma are widely used methods but some aspects regarding their use and usefulness have not yet been clarified. Systemic remedies(More)
M40403 is a low-molecular-weight, synthetic manganese-containing biscyclohexylpyridine superoxide dismutase mimetic (SODm) that removes superoxide anions (O(2)(-)) without interfering with other reactive species known to be involved in cardiovascular alterations (e.g. nitric oxide [NO] and peroxynitrite [ONOO(-)]). As such, M40403 represents an important(More)
Pain treatment in Italy is far from being optimal. In order to improve this situation, the reporting of a complete assessment of pain in the clinical record became compulsory by law. Pain-related cancer protocols (143) were selected from the National Monitoring Centre of Clinical Trials Database and reviewed. Our data indicate that pain management is not(More)
We investigated the interactions between inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) pathways in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) and in two carcinoma cell lines. HNSCCs showed an up-regulation of both pathways which were strongly correlated with each other (p=0.02) and with tumor vascularization (p=0.0001 and p=0.008,(More)