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In neurons L-type calcium currents contribute to synaptic plasticity and to activity-dependent gene regulation. The subcellular localization of Ca(V)1.2 and its association with upstream and downstream signaling proteins is important for efficient and specific signal transduction. Here we tested the hypothesis that A-kinase anchoring proteins (AKAPs) or(More)
Auxiliary beta subunits modulate current properties and mediate the functional membrane expression of voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels in heterologous cells. In brain, all four beta isoforms are widely expressed, yet little is known about their specific roles in neuronal functions. Here, we investigated the expression and targeting properties of beta subunits(More)
In neurons L-type calcium currents function in gene regulation and synaptic plasticity, while excessive calcium influx leads to excitotoxicity and neurodegeneration. The major neuronal Ca(V)1.2 L-type channels are localized in clusters in dendritic shafts and spines. Whereas Ca(V)1.2 clusters remain stable during NMDA-induced synaptic depression, L-type(More)
Voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels are multi-subunit membrane proteins that transduce depolarization into cellular functions such as excitation-contraction coupling in muscle or neurotransmitter release in neurons. The auxiliary β subunits function in membrane targeting of the channel and modulation of its gating properties. However, whether β subunits can(More)
The β subunits of voltage-gated calcium channels regulate surface expression and gating of CaV1 and CaV2 α1 subunits and thus contribute to neuronal excitability, neurotransmitter release, and calcium-induced gene regulation. In addition, certain β subunits are targeted into the nucleus, where they interact directly with the epigenetic machinery. Whereas(More)
Muscle cells are regulated by large movements of calcium ions and these in turn are controlled by complex systems of membranes. All muscles, from the most primitive to the most evolved organisms share a common set of organelles and proteins that are involved in calcium homeostasis. A calcium pump protein of the sarcoplasmic reticulum and an homologous pump(More)
Immunofluorescence microscopy of synaptic proteins is a powerful and commonly used approach in cellular neurosciences. Many studies use green/red color overlays of immunofluorescence images to demonstrate synaptic co-localization of an unknown protein with a known synaptic marker. However, this approach fails to identify the specific sub-synaptic(More)
Agonist-triggered downregulation of β-adrenergic receptors (ARs) constitutes vital negative feedback to prevent cellular overexcitation. Here, we report a novel downregulation of β2AR signaling highly specific for Cav1.2. We find that β2-AR binding to Cav1.2 residues 1923-1942 is required for β-adrenergic regulation of Cav1.2. Despite the prominence of(More)
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