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Abnormal ventral induction may result in disorders of formation, cleavage, and midline development of prosencephalic structures. Holoprosencephaly is a developmental field defect of impaired cleavage of prosencephalon. The most widely accepted classification of holoprosencephaly recognizes three major varieties: the alobar, semilobar and lobar types,(More)
OBJECTIVES To report, in a population of fetuses diagnosed with partial agenesis of the corpus callosum (PACC), the sonographic characterization, incidence of cerebral, extracerebral and chromosomal anomalies, and outcome. In addition, in some of our cases a comparison was made between findings on ultrasound and fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). (More)
OBJECTIVES To explore whether the use of four dimensional (4D) ultrasound examination with B-flow imaging and spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC) can supply additional information with respect to two-dimensional (2D) gray-scale and color Doppler echocardiography in the prenatal characterization of isolated total anomalous pulmonary venous connection(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the impact of fetal echocardiography on the management of pregnancy and of newborns affected by pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum (PAIVS) and to evaluate the outcome of infants with and without prenatal diagnosis of PAIVS. METHODS We searched our database for cases of PAIVS prenatally and postnatally diagnosed during(More)
OBJECTIVE Coronary arterial abnormalities can be one of the few negative prognostic indicators in transposition of the great arteries (TGA), and their occurrence is related to the type of spatial relationship of the great arteries. The main objective of this study was to assess whether the use of the reconstructed en-face view with color Doppler imaging of(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the reliability of two-dimensional gray-scale (2D) and color Doppler echocardiography in the study of the size and anatomy of the central pulmonary arteries and of the sources of pulmonary blood flow in a case series of fetuses with pulmonary atresia and ventricular septal defect (PA-VSD), and to evaluate whether the use of 4D(More)
OBJECTIVES To analyze fetal two-dimensional (2D) echocardiographic characteristics of interrupted aortic arch (IAA) and its different types, to explore whether the use of 4D ultrasound with B-flow imaging and spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC) can improve prenatal diagnostic accuracy, and to describe associations and outcome. METHODS The study(More)
The purpose of this study was to describe our experience in the ultrasound visualization and management of prenatally diagnosed isolated vascular rings. From January 2002 to December 2007, a total of 19 fetuses had a sonographic diagnosis of isolated vascular rings in 2 reference centers at a mean gestational age of 23 weeks. There were 8 cases of left(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to compare the cardiac findings at 11 to 14 weeks' gestation with the second-trimester findings to evaluate the reliability of first-trimester echocardiography and the possibility of congenital heart disease evolution. METHODS The database of our fetal medicine unit was searched for all patients who had undergone fetal(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the detection rate of congenital heart diseases (CHD) in a low-risk population by performing cardiac evaluation during the first-trimester screening for chromosomal abnormalities. In this context, the role of four-chamber view, tricuspid regurgitation and abnormal ductus venosus flow in the screening for(More)