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Very little research on dispositional optimism (DO) has been carried out in the field of Parkinson's disease (PD). The present cross-sectional study, focusing on this personality trait, was performed with two main aims: i) to compare DO between patients with PD and a control group (CG); ii) to perform, in the PD group, a regression analysis including(More)
OBJECTIVE A randomized controlled observer-blind trial was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of action observation as an add-on treatment to the standard rehabilitation of upper-limb function, early after stroke. METHODS Stroke survivors (N = 102) were consecutively recruited from 13 centers 30 days (±7) after a first-ever stroke and randomly(More)
Previous studies investigating the exposure to metal(loid)s of populations living in the Panasqueira mine area of central Portugal found a higher internal dose of elements such as arsenic, chromium, lead, manganese, molybdenum and zinc in exposed individuals. The aims of the present study were to evaluate the extent of genotoxic damage caused by(More)
Trimetazidine, an inhibitor of free fatty acids (FFA) oxidation, shifts cardiac and muscle metabolism from FFA to glucose utilization. This effect results in a greater production of high energy phosphates and ultimately into an anti-ischemic effect. Whether the anti-ischemic cardiac effects of trimetazidine (TMZ) can be translated to skeletal muscle in(More)
OBJECTIVE The surgical treatment of residual N2 disease following induction radio-chemotherapy (IT) for locally advanced cIIIA-N2 non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is still debated. The long-term results after resection in a pN2 series are at the focus of this study. METHODS From January 1992 to December 2008, 161 consecutive pathologically proven Stage(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of the induction chemoradiotherapy (IT) on the survival pattern in T3/T4-N0 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. METHODS The data of 71 patients treated from January 1992 to May 2007 were reviewed. Of these, 31 patients received IT prior to surgery (IT group: T3, 20 patients; and T4, 11(More)
Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) are among the most pressing global health problems of the twenty-first century. Their rising incidence and prevalence is linked to severe morbidity and mortality, and they are putting economic and managerial pressure on healthcare systems around the world. Moreover, NCDs are impeding healthy aging by negatively affecting the(More)
BACKGROUND The use of small-bore wire-guided chest drains for pleural effusions and pneumothorax has become popular; however, limited data are available on its efficacy and morbidity. The aim of this retrospective study is to measure, via the analysis of the so far largest reported cohort, the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of this approach in different(More)
Melevodopa hydrochloride plus carbidopa in effervescent tablets (M/C) is a readily soluble antiparkinsonian tablet formulation. A total of 221 patients with Parkinson's disease and motor fluctuations entered a randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, controlled parallel group study, which compared the effectiveness of oral M/C effervescent tablets with(More)
The voice quality of individuals with Down Syndrome (DS) is generally described as husky, monotonous and raucous. On the other hand, the voice of DS children is characterized by breathiness, roughness, and nasality and is typically low pitched. However, research on phonation and intonation in these participants is limited. The present study was designed to(More)