Valentina Consiglio

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BACKGROUND Retroperitoneal fibrosis (RF) is a complex clinical entity characterized by a fibro-inflammatory reaction around the abdominal aorta and iliac arteries extended into the retroperitoneum. No biochemical marker correlates with the disease severity and progression, and imaging data fail to discriminate between fibrotic and florid lesions. Positron(More)
BACKGROUND Pregnancy in CKD is an increasing challenge, considering also the paucity of therapeutic tools available in pregnant women. While theoretically interesting, the experience with low protein diets in pregnancy is limited. Aim of this feasibility study is to review our experience with supplemented vegetarian low protein diets in pregnancy, as a(More)
The definition of acute pyelonephritis is controversial. There are two contrasting approaches: (1) acute pyelonephritis is a severe infectious disease involving the kidney parenchyma, and specific imaging techniques are required for diagnosis; (2) acute pyelonephritis is a urinary tract infection, and diagnosis and therapy follow simplified clinical and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Although successful pregnancy is rare, results attained with higher dialysis efficiency and the spread of dialysis to different cultural and religious settings are changing the panorama. In this study, we systematically review the recent literature (2000 through 2008) on pregnancy in dialysis. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, &(More)
BACKGROUND Low-protein diets are often mentioned but seldom used to slow chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression. The aim of the study was to investigate the potential for implementation of a simplified low-protein diet supplemented with alpha-keto analogues (LPD-KA) as part of the routine work-up in CKD patients. METHODS In an implementation study(More)
The diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis (APN) requires demonstration of parenchymal involvement. When no predisposing conditions are found, non-complicated APN is suspected and CT or MRI should be performed. Diffusion-weighted (DW) MRI might be useful, quicker and cheaper than the standard gadolinium-enhanced (GE) MRI. The aim of this study is to compare(More)
BACKGROUND Intracystic infection, in Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) and in kidneys with multiple cysts, is a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge, as conventional imaging techniques may not discriminate among "complicated" cysts (infection, bleeding, neoplasia), and as the clinical picture may be attenuated, in particular in early(More)
OBJECTIVES Low protein diets (LPDs) are milestones in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Concerns over compliance and safety limit their use. The aim of this study was to test the feasibility and main results of a multiple-choice approach to LPDs, adapted to patient preferences. METHODS From December 2007 to January 2013, all CKD patients (stages 4/5;(More)
BACKGROUND Predialysis care is vital for the patient and is crucial for dialysis choice: empowered, early referred patients tend to prefer out-of-hospital and self-care treatment; despite these claims, early referral remains too often a program more than a reality. Aim of the study was to evaluate the pattern and reasons for RRT choice in patients treated(More)