Learn More
BACKGROUND Retroperitoneal fibrosis (RF) is a complex clinical entity characterized by a fibro-inflammatory reaction around the abdominal aorta and iliac arteries extended into the retroperitoneum. No biochemical marker correlates with the disease severity and progression, and imaging data fail to discriminate between fibrotic and florid lesions. Positron(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Although successful pregnancy is rare, results attained with higher dialysis efficiency and the spread of dialysis to different cultural and religious settings are changing the panorama. In this study, we systematically review the recent literature (2000 through 2008) on pregnancy in dialysis. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, &(More)
BACKGROUND Intracystic infection, in Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) and in kidneys with multiple cysts, is a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge, as conventional imaging techniques may not discriminate among "complicated" cysts (infection, bleeding, neoplasia), and as the clinical picture may be attenuated, in particular in early(More)
OBJECTIVES The diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis (APN) requires demonstration of parenchymal involvement. When no predisposing conditions are found, non-complicated APN is suspected and CT or MRI should be performed. Diffusion-weighted (DW) MRI might be useful, quicker and cheaper than the standard gadolinium-enhanced (GE) MRI. The aim of this study is to(More)
OBJECTIVES Low protein diets (LPDs) are milestones in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Concerns over compliance and safety limit their use. The aim of this study was to test the feasibility and main results of a multiple-choice approach to LPDs, adapted to patient preferences. METHODS From December 2007 to January 2013, all CKD patients (stages 4/5;(More)
A 68-year-old woman, affected by autosomal dominant polycystic liver and kidney disease (ADPKD), seeks nephrological attention for persistent low-grade fever, with vague abdominal discomfort. She reports a recent gastro-enteritis episode, followed by a lower urinary tract infection (Escherichia coli), treated by amoxicillin clavulanate on the basis of the(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a challenge for pregnancy. Its recent classification underlines the importance of its early phases. This study's aim was to evaluate outcomes of pregnancy according to CKD stage versus low-risk pregnancies followed in the same center. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS The prospective(More)
BACKGROUND Low-protein diets are often mentioned but seldom used to slow chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression. The aim of the study was to investigate the potential for implementation of a simplified low-protein diet supplemented with alpha-keto analogues (LPD-KA) as part of the routine work-up in CKD patients. METHODS In an implementation study(More)
BACKGROUND Pregnancy in CKD is an increasing challenge, considering also the paucity of therapeutic tools available in pregnant women. While theoretically interesting, the experience with low protein diets in pregnancy is limited. Aim of this feasibility study is to review our experience with supplemented vegetarian low protein diets in pregnancy, as a(More)