Valentina Casadio

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Androgen receptor (AR) gene aberrations are rare in prostate cancer before primary hormone treatment but emerge with castration resistance. To determine AR gene status using a minimally invasive assay that could have broad clinical utility, we developed a targeted next-generation sequencing approach amenable to plasma DNA, covering all AR coding bases and(More)
Background There is an urgent need to identify biomarkers to guide personalized therapy in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). We aimed to clinically qualify androgen receptor (AR) gene status measurement in plasma DNA using multiplex droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) in pre- and post-chemotherapy CRPC. Methods We optimized ddPCR assays for AR copy(More)
BACKGROUND There is a need to improve the performance of urine cytology in bladder cancer diagnosis. We assessed the diagnostic performance of (i) telomerase activity detected by telomeric repeat amplification protocol (TRAP) assay, (ii) cytology and TRAP assay in parallel, (iii) cytology in parallel with the in-series combination of TRAP assay and FISH(More)
Telomerase activity assessment in voided urine is an important noninvasive tool for bladder cancer diagnosis. In a previous case-control study we verified that this method can detect tumor cells in urine with high sensitivity and specificity, but few data are still available on its accuracy to detect tumors in patients with symptomatic urinary tract(More)
In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the association of circulating AR copy number (CN) and outcome in a cohort of patients with advanced castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) treated with enzalutamide after docetaxel. Fifty-nine CRPC patients were evaluated. AR CN was analyzed with real-time and digital PCR in the serum collected at starting of(More)
OBJECTIVES Urine cell-free (UCF) DNA has recently been proposed as a potential marker for early bladder cancer diagnosis. It is known that normal apoptotic cells produce highly fragmented DNA while cancer cells release longer DNA. Therefore, we verified the potential role of UCF DNA integrity in early bladder cancer diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS UCF(More)
Circulating cell-free DNA has been recognized as an accurate marker for the diagnosis of prostate cancer, whereas the role of urine cell-free DNA (UCF DNA) has never been evaluated in this setting. It is known that normal apoptotic cells produce highly fragmented DNA while cancer cells release longer DNA. We thus verified the potential role of UCF DNA(More)
BACKGROUND Although non muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) generally has a good long-term prognosis, up to 80% of patients will nevertheless experience local recurrence after the primary tumor resection. The search for markers capable of accurately identifying patients at high risk of recurrence is ongoing. We retrospectively evaluated the methylation(More)
INTRODUCTION Although the role of circulating cell free DNA in cancer has been widely demonstrated, less is known about the role of urine cell free DNA (UcfDNA). UcfDNA can serve as a 'liquid biopsy' for urological and non-urological tumors, as it carries information on DNA from cells exfoliated in urine and from circulation. Areas covered: We review the(More)
Although numerous studies have focused on the link between CpG island methylator phenotypes and the development of colorectal cancer, few studies have dealt specifically with methylation profiling in rectal cancer and its role in predicting response to neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NCRT). We characterized methylation profiles in normal and neoplastic(More)