Valentina Carabelli

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We studied wild-type (WT) and Cav1.3(-/-) mouse chromaffin cells (MCCs) with the aim to determine the isoform of L-type Ca(2+) channel (LTCC) and BK channels that underlie the pacemaker current controlling spontaneous firing. Most WT-MCCs (80%) were spontaneously active (1.5 Hz) and highly sensitive to nifedipine and BayK-8644(More)
The voltage-dependent inhibition of single N-type Ca(2+) channels by noradrenaline (NA) and the delta-opioid agonist D-Pen(2)-D-Pen (5)-enkephalin (DPDPE) was investigated in cell-attached patches of human neuroblastoma IMR32 cells with 100 mM Ba(2+) and 5 microM nifedipine to block L-type channels. In 70% of patches, addition of 20 microM NA + 1 microM(More)
Using the cell-attached recording configuration, we found that in adult bovine chromaffin cells there exists a direct membrane-delimited inhibition of single Bay K-modified L-channels mediated by opioids and ATP locally released in the recording pipette. This autocrine modulation is mediated by pertussis toxin (PTX)-sensitive G-proteins and causes a 50 %(More)
We studied the effects of the cAMP-hydrolyzing enzyme phosphodiesterase type-4 (PDE4) on the L-type Ca2+ channels (LTCCs) and Ca2+-dependent secretion in mouse chromaffin cells (MCCs). The selective PDE4 inhibitor rolipram (3 μM) had a specific potentiating action on Ca2+ currents of MCCs (40% increase within 3 min). A similar effect was produced by the(More)
T-type channels are expressed weakly or not at all in adult rat chromaffin cells (RCCs) and there is contrasting evidence as to whether they play a functional role in catecholamine secretion. Here we show that 3-5 days after application of pCPT-cAMP, most RCCs grown in serum-free medium expressed a high density of low-voltage-activated T-type channels(More)
Expression, spatial distribution and specific roles of different Ca2+ channels in stimulus–secretion coupling of chromaffin cells are intriguing issues still open to discussion. Most of the evidence supports a role of high-voltage activated (HVA) Ca2+ channels (L-, N-, P/Q- and R-types) in the control of exocytosis: some suggesting a preferential coupling(More)
1. The Mg2+ block of Na+ and Ca2+ currents through high-voltage activated (HVA; L- and N-type) Ca2+ channels was studied in chick dorsal root ganglion neurones. 2. In low extracellular [Ca2+] (< 10(-8) M) and with Na+o and Cs+i as the main charge carriers (120 mM), HVA Na+ currents started to activate at -40 mV, reached inward peak values near 0 mV and(More)
Voltage-gated L-type (Cav1.2 and Cav1.3) channels are widely expressed in cardiovascular tissues and represent the critical drug-target for the treatment of several cardiovascular diseases. The two isoforms are also abundantly expressed in neuronal and neuroendocrine tissues. In the brain, Cav1.2 and Cav1.3 channels control synaptic plasticity, somatic(More)
T-type channels are transient low-voltage-activated (LVA) Ca2+ channels that control Ca2+ entry in excitable cells during small depolarizations around resting potential. Studies in the past 20 years focused on the biophysical, physiological, and molecular characterization of T-type channels in most tissues. This led to a well-defined picture of the(More)
We have studied the functional role of CaV3 channels in triggering fast exocytosis in rat chromaffin cells (RCCs). CaV3 T-type channels were selectively recruited by chronic exposures to cAMP (3 days) via an exchange protein directly activated by cAMP (Epac)-mediated pathway. Here we show that cAMP-treated cells had increased secretory responses, which(More)