Valentina Calistri

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Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) analyses the movement of water molecules within the cerebral white matter thus providing information on ultrastructural brain changes. We studied 18 patients with cervical dystonia (CD), 16 with blepharospasm (BSP) and 35 years age-matched healthy controls. DTI data were obtained with a Philips 1.5 Tesla scanner and then(More)
BACKGROUND It is the traditional view that primary dystonia arises from abnormal basal ganglia function but causes no apparent morphological changes. OBJECTIVE To determine whether cervical dystonia leads to ultrastructural changes in the brain, using diffusion tensor imaging to compare brain structure in 15 patients with cervical dystonia with 10 healthy(More)
Since Kojewnikoff's first description of epilepsia partialis continua, isolated case reports and small case series have elucidated the disease. However, few imaging studies have been performed. We report a case in which serial diffusion and perfusion MR imaging allowed monitoring of the changes in hemodynamic and cell membrane permeability until the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE It has been demonstrated that left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) confers an increased risk for major cerebrovascular events. However, it is still uncertain whether there is an association between LVH and asymptomatic cerebrovascular damage in hypertensive patients. In this study, we investigated the relation between LVH, evaluated by(More)
We report a case of Tolosa-Hunt syndrome (THS) in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus studied with MRI. Magnetic resonance showed enlargement of the cavernous sinus and compression of the carotid syphon by enhancing tissue. In particular, fat-suppressed T1-weighted images before and after contrast agent injection and MR angiography showed extension(More)
OBJECTIVES Emerging evidence associates chronic pain syndrome, such as fibromyalgia, with endogenous pain modulatory system dysfunction, leading to an impaired descending pain inhibition. In this study, using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we aimed at seeking possible functional connectivity changes of the periaqueductal gray(More)
BACKGROUND Some brain tumors may grow immediately beneath the cortical surface without distorting its appearance. Intraoperative image guidance promotes safe resection. We have developed MRI-based corticotopography (MRI-bct), to localize lesions during surgery, using simple, non-dedicated equipment, to match a three-dimensional reconstruction with the(More)
The purpose of this work was to investigate the relation between BOLD signal sign and transient vessels volume variation induced by apnea. This stimulus consisting of breath holding after inspiration is able to induce a light slowing down in venous blood flow like in a sort of Valsalva maneuver. We observed diffuse negative BOLD responding areas at cortical(More)
BACKGROUND Cognitive and motor performance can be supported, especially in older subjects, by different types of brain activations, which can be accurately studied by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Vascular risk factors (VRFs) are extremely important in the development of cognitive impairment, but few studies have focused on the fMRI cortical(More)
Postpartum depression is a frequent and disabling condition whose pathophysiology is still unclear. In recent years, the study of the neural correlates of mental disorders has been increasingly approached using magnetic resonance techniques. In this review we synthesize the results from studies on postpartum depression in the context of structural,(More)