Valentina Calderón

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Civilian displacement is a common phenomenon in developing countries confronted with internal conflict. While displacement directly affects forced migrants, it also contributes to deteriorating labour conditions of vulnerable groups in receiving communities. For the displaced population, the income losses are substantial, and as they migrate to cities, they(More)
This paper uses household survey data to rank LAC countries' performance in two areas: (i) getting children into school on time and keeping them there, and (ii) turning their contact with the educational system into years of schooling. It presents multiple rankings because most countries' performance is not uniform across these dimensions. For instance, the(More)
OBJECTIVES To better understand the paradox in the Dominican Republic of a relatively high maternal mortality ratio despite nearly universal institutionalized deliveries with trained attendants, a rapid assessment using an adaptation of the strategic assessment method was conducted. METHODS A multi-disciplinary team reviewed national statistics and(More)
Many Colombians are confronted with the ongoing conflict that influences their decision making in everyday life, including their behavior in labor markets. This study focuses on the impact of violent conflict on self-employment, enlarging the usual determinants with a set of conflict variables. In order to estimate the effect of conflict on self-employment,(More)
This paper studies the labor market effects of migration-related supply shocks. We exploit forced migration caused by the Colombian conflict as a natural experiment to examine the impact of exogenous labor supply shifts on labor outcomes. While migration flows are exogenously produced by conflict dynamics, location decisions might be positively correlated(More)
The " Palma " is the ratio of national income shares of the top 10 percent of households to the bottom 40 percent, reflecting Gabriel Palma's observation of the stability of the " middle " 50 percent share of income across countries so that distribution is largely a question of the tails. In this paper we explore the Palma and corroborate the findings that(More)
In this paper we explore a new, policy-relevant measure of inequality and compare it to the dominant indicator of inequality, the Gini coefficient. The 'Palma' as we have called it, is an alternative measure of inequality based on the work of Gabriel Palma (2006; 2011). The Palma is based on his observation that, for a snapshot of data covering countries at(More)
Civilian displacement is a common phenomenon in developing countries facing internal conflict. While displacement directly affects forced migrants, it also contributes to deteriorating labor conditions of vulnerable groups of receiving communities. For the displaced population the income losses are substantial, and as they migrate to cities they will most(More)
A 40-year history of land-use change in two municipalities in Santa Cruz (Bolivia) shows how deforestation and savanna conversion has increased as the region has become incorporated into the national economy. Deforestation was greater than savanna conversion in both relative and absolute terms; land-use change was more prevalent in areas with greater road(More)
This paper studies the labor market effects of migration-related supply shocks. We exploit forced migration caused by the Colombian conflict as a natural experiment to examine the impact of exogenous labor supply shifts on labor outcomes. While migration flows are exogenously produced by conflict dynamics, location decisions might be positively correlated(More)
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