Valentina Albertini

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BACKGROUND Recently, attention was drawn to a role for progranulin in the central nervous system with the identification of mutations in the progranulin gene (GRN) as an important cause of frontotemporal lobar degeneration. GRN mutations are associated with a strong reduction of circulating progranulin and widely variable clinical phenotypes: thus, the(More)
Aβ oligomers (AβOs) are crucially involved in Alzheimer's Disease (AD). However, the lack of selective approaches for targeting these polymorphic Aβ assemblies represents a major hurdle in understanding their biosynthesis, traffic and actions in living cells. Here, we established a subcellularly localized conformational-selective interference (CSI)(More)
PURPOSE The aim of the present work was to set up an optimized protocol for human cerebrospinal fluid amyloid-β (Aβ) profiling. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We devised an immunoproteomic assay that employs monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) on Preactivated Surface (PS20) chip array followed by SELDI TOF MS. A comparison of a number of factors was performed, and the(More)
Mild alterations in cognitive function are present in normal aging and severe cognitive alterations are a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Cognitive deficits are prevalent in patients with schizophrenia (SCZ) and worsen with old age. We recently reported that elderly SCZ patients show reduced levels of amyloid-beta (Aβ)1-42 in cerebrospinal fluid(More)
It is well known that progranulin protein is involved in wound repair, inflammation, and tumor formation. The wedding between progranulin and brain was celebrated in 2006 with the involvement of progranulin gene (GRN) in Frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD), the most common form of early-onset dementia: up to date, 75 mutations have been detected in(More)
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers (Aβ₁₋₄₂, total tau, P-181 tau) are currently used to support a clinical diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The CSF profile in frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) caused by Progranulin (GRN) mutation is unknown. We assessed CSF biomarkers in 145 AD, 140 FTLD (20 GRN positive, 120 GRN negative) patients, and 38(More)
It has recently become clear that proteins associated with neurodegenerative disorders can be selectively incorporated into intraluminal vesicles of multivesicular bodies and subsequently released within exosomes. Multiple lines of research support a neuroprotective role for cystatin C in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Herein we demonstrate that cystatin C, a(More)
The initiating event in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an imbalance in the production and clearance of amyloid beta (Aβ) peptides leading to the formation of neurotoxic brain Aβ assemblies. Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF), which is a continuum of the brain, is an obvious source of markers reflecting central neuropathologic features of brain diseases. In this review,(More)
Recent years have witnessed an increasing interest in mild cognitive impairment (MCI), particularly as a possible prodromal stage of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Experimental and clinical data have suggested that cystatin C (CysC) is protective against the development of AD. In this study, we sought to cross-sectionally and longitudinally investigate the(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the major cause of dementia in the elderly. The biochemical changes that precede AD may be present up to 20 years before the clinical manifestation of the disease. The translational development of AD biomarkers may be theoretically achieved via two different strategies: the first strategy can be defined as 'knowledge-based'(More)